Pilgrim III SP-1204 - History

Pilgrim III SP-1204 - History

Pilgrim III

(SP-1204: t. 98; 1. 120'; b. 23'; dr. 8'6"; s. 6.9 k.; cpl. 27;
a. 2 1-pdrs.)

The third Pilgrim, a motorized fishing boat built at Wilmington, Del. in 1893 for the Beaufort Fish Scrap and Oil Co., New Bern, N.C., was formally acquired by the Navy on free lease 30 July 1918, after she had been fitted out for patrol duty, and commissioned 18 July 1917.

Assigned to 5th Naval District, Pilgrim operated in Pamlico Sound and Onslow Bay as far south as the New River until she decommissioned 7 January 1919 and was returned to her owner.

The story of William Bradford

He may not have been first choice for the role of Governor of Plymouth Colony, but William Bradford became the man who would lead the Pilgrims during their formative years in America.

Despite being a long-standing member of the Separatist group and playing a huge part in their plans to sail across the Atlantic, Bradford was yet to assume any leadership role for the Pilgrims - but that was to change very quickly.

Against all the odds, he overcame the terrible sickness that swept through the Mayflower during the first winter and accounted for more than half the lives of the people on board.

Then, while grieving the sudden death of his wife - who passed away while the ship was anchored off Cape Cod - Bradford was chosen to lead the group after first-elected Governor John Carver collapsed and died less than six months after the Mayflower landed.

He served as Governor for many years, gaining re-election time and time again, and played a huge part in gaining the trust of the Native Americans - which led to what became the first Thanksgiving in 1623.

Bradford documented his experiences in an historic book titled 'Bradford's History of Plymouth Plantation, 1606-1646'.

Regarded as the most authoritative account of the Pilgrims and the early years in Plymouth Colony, it details the Mayflower voyage and what happened when the passengers and crew arrived in America.

The Manor House, Austerfield


Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.

Massasoit, (born c. 1590, near present Bristol, Rhode Island, U.S.—died 1661, near Bristol), Wampanoag Indian chief who throughout his life maintained peaceful relations with English settlers in the area of the Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts.

Massasoit was the grand sachem (intertribal chief) of all the Wampanoag Indians, who inhabited parts of present Massachusetts and Rhode Island, particularly the coastal regions. In March 1621—several months after the landing of the Mayflower at Plymouth—Massasoit journeyed to the colony with his colleague Samoset, who had already made friendly overtures to the Pilgrims there. Convinced of the value of a thriving trade with the newcomers, Massasoit set out to ensure peaceful accord between the races—a peace that lasted as long as he lived. In addition, he and his fellow Indians shared techniques of planting, fishing, and cooking that were essential to the settlers’ survival in the wilderness. When Massasoit became dangerously ill in the winter of 1623, he was nursed back to health by the grateful Pilgrims. The colonial leader, Governor Edward Winslow, was said to have traveled several miles through the snow to deliver nourishing broth to the chief.

Massasoit was able to keep the peace for many decades, but new waves of land-hungry Europeans created tension as the Indians’ native land was steadily taken over by the whites. When he died, goodwill gradually dissolved, culminating in the bloody King Philip’s War (1675), led by Massasoit’s second son.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen, Corrections Manager.

Pilgrim III SP-1204 - History

The only officially sanctioned source for approved lineages published is the Mayflower Families Through Five Generations "silver" books and the associated Mayflower Families in Process "pink" pamphlets. Older applications from family members that used secondary sources or any of the Mayflower Index books will need to be redocumented for any new application for membership.

General Mayflower History

Readers wishing a better general understanding on the passengers, culture, time, history, and genealogy should consult any of the following in print books:

  • James W. Baker, Thanksgiving: The Biography of an American Holiday (Lebanon, N.H.: University Press of New England, 2009).
  • Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs, see numerous articles in the New England Ancestors (magazine) for various aspects of Pilgrim life, especially before their arrival in Plymouth (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, n.d.).
  • Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs, Strangers and Pilgrims, Travellers and Sojourners: Leiden and the Foundations of Plymouth Plantation (Plymouth, Mass.: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 2009).
  • Nick Bunker, Making Haste from Babylon: The Mayflower Pilgrims and Their World: A New History (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2010).
  • Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony Its History & People 1620-1691 (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 1986).
  • James Deetz and Patricia Scott Deetz, The Times of Their Lives: Life, Love, and Death in Plymouth Colony (New York: Anchor Books, 2001).
  • Caleb H. Johnson, The Mayflower and Her Passengers ([Philadelphia]: Xlibris, 2006).
  • Nathaniel Philbrick, Mayflower A Story of Courage, Community, and War (New York: Viking, 2006).
  • Mayflower Families Through Five Generations available for all passengers who left descendants from the General Society of Mayflower Descendants, Plymouth, Mass.

&ldquoSilver Books&rdquo and Related

Mayflower Families Through Five Generations (series, pub. Plymouth, Mass.):

v. 3 George Soule by John E. Soule and Milton E. Terry (1980) Addendum (2nd ed., 1991).

v. 4 Edward Fuller by Bruce Campbell MacGunnigle (2006).

v. 5 Edward Winslow by Ruth C. McGuyre and Robert S. Wakefield and John Billington by Harriet W. Hodge (2nd ed. 1997).

v. 6 Stephen Hopkins by John D. Austin (3rd printing, 2001).

v. 7 Peter Brown by Robert S. Wakefield (2nd ed., 2002).

v. 8 Degory Priest by Mrs. Charles Delmar Townsend, Robert S. Wakefield, and Margaret Harris Stover (2nd ed., 2008).

v. 9 Francis Eaton by Lee Douglas Van Antwerp, rev. by Robert S. Wakefield (rev. ed., 1996).

v. 10 Samuel Fuller by Katharine Warner Radasch and Arthur Hitchcock Radasch, rev. by Margaret Harris Stover and Robert S. Wakefield (rev. ed., 1996).

v. 11 Edward Doty by Peter B. Hill, pt. 1 (2nd ed., 2009), pt. 2 (1996), pt. 3 (2000).

v. 12 Francis Cooke by Ralph V. Wood Jr. (Rockport, Me., rev. ed. 1999).

v. 13 William White by Ruth Wilder Sherman and Robert Moody Sherman, rev. by Robert S. Wakefield (3rd ed., 2006).

v. 14 Myles Standish by Russell L. Warner, Robert S. Wakefield, ed. (1997). [Note: This book has been reprinted with no changes in 2007.]

v. 15 James Chilton by Robert Moody Sherman and Verle Delano Vincent, rev. by Robert S. Wakefield, and Richard More by Robert Moody Sherman, Robert S. Wakefield, and Lydia Dow Finlay (1997).

v. 16 John Alden by Esther Littleford Woodworth-Barnes, Alicia Crane Williams, ed., pt. 1 (1999), pt. 2 (2002), pt. 3 (2004).

v. 17 Isaac Allerton by Robert S. Wakefield and Margaret Harris Stover (1998).

v. 18 Richard Warren by Robert S. Wakefield, rev. Judith H. Swan, pt. 1 (3rd ed., 2004), pt. 2 (2nd ed., 2011), pt. 3 (2001).

v. 19 Thomas Rogers by Alice W. A. Westgate, rev. by Ann T. Reeves (2000).

v. 20 Henry Samson, pt. 1 by Robert Moody Sherman and Ruth Wilder Sherman, Robert S. Wakefield, ed. (2000), pt. 2 (2005) and pt. 3 (2006) by Jane Fletcher Fiske, Robert Moody Sherman, and Ruth Wilder Sherman.

v. 21 John Billington by Harriet W. Hodge, rev. by Robert S. Wakefield (2001).

v. 22 William Bradford by Ann Smith Lainhart and Robert S. Wakefield (2004).

v. 23 John Howland for children: Lydia, Hannah, Joseph, Jabez, Ruth, and Isaac by Ann Smith Lainhart and Robert S. Wakefield, pt. 1 (2006), pt. 2 Fifth Generation of his Children Lydia and Hannah by Ann Smith Lainhart and Jane Fletcher Fiske (2010).

v. 24 The Descendants of Elder William Brewster, by Barbara Lambert Merrick, ed. Scott Andrew Bartley, First Edition (2014).

Mayflower Families in Progress (pamphlet series)

* George Soule by John E. Soule and Milton E. Terry, rev. by Louise Walsh Throop, first four generations (6th ed., 2011) Fifth generation, pt. 1 (2000), pt. 2 (2002), pt. 3 (2003), pt. 4 (2005), pt. 5 (2008).

* Francis Cooke &ndash first four generations by Robert S. Wakefield and Ralph Van Wood Jr. (5th ed., 2000) &ndash supersedes that part of volume 16 above.

* William Brewster by Barbara Lambert Merrick, pt. 1 &ndash first four generations (3rd ed. 2000), pt. 2 -5th gen. of Jonathan2 (1999), pt. 3 &ndash 5th gen. of Love2 (2003), pt. 4 &ndash 5th gen. of Patience2 (2001).

* Philip Delano by Muriel Curtis Cushing, first four generations (2002), 5th gen. pt. 1 (2004), 5th gen. pt. 2 (2011).

Not part of the official series:

* v. 1 &ndash descendants of Desire2 by Elizabeth Pearson White (Camden, Me., 1990).

* v. 2 &ndash descendants of John2 by Elizabeth Pearson White, assisted by Edwin Wagner Coles and Roberta Gilbert Bratti (Camden, Me., 1993).

* v. 3 &ndash descendants of Hope2 by Elizabeth Pearson White (Rockland, Me., 2008).

* v. 4 &ndash descendants of Elizabeth2 by Elizabeth Pearson White (Rockland, Me., 2008).


George Ernest Bowman, ed., The Mayflower Descendant: A Quarterly Magazine of Pilgrim Genealogy and History (1899-1937), 34v. The Mayflower Descendant: Index of Persons (Boston, 1959-1962), 2v. Alicia Crane Williams, ed., The Mayflower Descendant: A Magazine of Pilgrim Genealogy and History (1985-1998), v. 35-48 [8.5x11 format] Scott Andrew Bartley, ed., Mayflower Descendant (2000-2010), v. 49-59 Caleb Johnson, ed., Mayflower Descendan (2011-2013), v. 60-63.

George Ernest Bowman, ed., Pilgrim Notes and Queries (1913-1917), 5v.

California Mayflower (1981-1995), v. 10-24, incomplete.

Chilton Chat (2005-present) [Note: Only one issue for v. 1.].

The Compact (1980-present), v. 1+.

The Howland Quarterly (1958-present), v. 23+.

The Mayflower Quarterly (1935-present), v. 1+.

Various state newsletters, 1990s to present.

Other Books and Articles

Account of the part taken by the American Antiquarian Society in the Return of the Bradford Manuscript to America (Worcester, Mass. 1898).

American Printer (journal), &ldquoMayflower Number,&rdquo Vol. 71, No. 12 [20 Dec. 1920]:

Edmund G. Gress, &ldquoThoughts About Printers and Pilgrims,&rdquo p. 41-46.

Henry Lewis Bullen, &ldquoThe Printer Leaders of the Pilgrim Fathers,&rdquo p. 48-49.

George Ernest Bowman, &ldquoThe Mayflower Compact and Its Signers,&rdquo p. 49-52.

Arthur Pemberton, &ldquoThe Pilgrims and the Lettering on Burial Hill,&rdquo p. 52.

Joseph Moxon, &ldquoIn the Old-time Printing Offices,&rdquo p. 53-56.

&ldquoStory of the Editorial Inserts,&rdquo p. 57-60. [Twenty insert plates between p. 64-65]

E. G. G., &ldquoStudies in Colonial Typography,&rdquo p. 61-63.

Aptucxet &ndash 1627: The First Trading Post of the Plymouth Colony (Bourne, Mass., s.l.).

&ldquoGovernor Bradford&rsquos First Dialogue. A dialogue, or the sum of a conference between some young men born in New England and sundry ancient men that came out of Holland and old England, anno Domini 1648.&rdquo Part of Old South Leaflets series, No. 49 (Boston, 1896?).

Governor Bradford&rsquos Letter Book (Boston, 1906). Reprinted from the Mayflower Descendant.

&ldquoGovenour Bradford&rsquos Letter Book&rdquo as first published in the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Vol. II, No. 12-13 [Sept.-Oct. 1793], Vol. III, No. 16-17 [Jan.-Feb. 1794] [Note: Incomplete] [In vault]

Proceedings at the Unveiling of the John Robinson Memorial Tablet in Leyden, Holland, July 24, 1891, Under the Auspices of the National council of Congregational Churches of the United States (Boston, 1891).

Azel Ames, The May-Flower and Her Log July 15, 1620-May 6, 1621, Chiefly from Original Sources (Boston, 1901). Oversize.

Robert Charles Anderson, The Pilgrim Migration: Immigrants to Plymouth Colony 1620-1633 (Boston, 2004).

Edward Arber, The Story of The Pilgrim Fathers, 1606-1623 A.D. as Told by Themselves, Their Friends, and Their Enemies (London, 1897).

Robert Ashton, The Works of John Robinson, Pastor of the Pilgrim Fathers. With a Memoir and Annotations (London, 1851).

William Franklin Atwood, The Pilgrim Story Being Largely a Compilation from the Documents of Governor Bradford and Governor Winslow, Severally and in Collaboration Together with a List of Mayflower Passengers (Plymouth, Mass., 1940).

James W. Baker, Aldens Return to England: The 2006 Alden Kindred of America Tour & A Guide to Pilgrim Sites Along the Way (Duxbury, Mass., 2007). [paperback]

James W. Baker, Thanksgiving: The Biography of an American Holiday (Hanover, N.H., 2009). [paperback]

Josephine R. Baker, An Historic Bible [The Connecticut Magazine] Hartford, Ct., 1899). Pages in folder.

Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs, Indian Deeds: Land Transactions in PlymouthColony, 1620-1691 (Boston, 2002).

Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs, Pilgrim Edward Winslow: New England&rsquos First International Diplomat A Documentary Biography (Boston, 2004). Paperback.

Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs, Strangers and Pilgrims: Travellers and Sojourners: Leiden and the Foundations of Plymouth Plantation (Plymouth, Mass., 2009).

Jeremy Dupertuis Bangs, Pilgrim Life in Leiden Texts and Images from the Leiden American Pilgrim Museum (Leiden, The Netherlands, 1997). Spiral bound pamphlet.

Charles Edward Banks, The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers Who Came to Plymouth on the &ldquoMayflower&rdquo in 1620, the &ldquoFortune&rdquo in 1621, and the &ldquoAnne&rdquo and the &ldquoLittle James&rdquo in 1623 (New York, 1929).

Joseph Banvard, Plymouth and the Pilgrims or Incidents of Adventure in the History of the First Settlers (Boston, 1851). Cover tied on.

Robert Merril Bartlett, The Pilgrim Way (Philadelphia, 1971). Oversize.

W. H. Bartlett, The Pilgrim Fathers or, Founders of New England in the Reign of James the First (London, 1865).

William Bradford, [edited by Charles Deane], History of Plymouth Plantation (Boston, 1856). [Top part of spine torn]

William Bradford, edited with notes by Charles Deane, History of Plymouth Plantation (Boston, 1856). [John Wingate Thornton embossed stamp on title page. Many news clippings pasted to inside front cover and fly leaf and loose in envelope talking about the second edition front hinge loose and spine partially detached]

William Bradford, edited by John A. Doyle, History of the Plimoth Plantation containing an account of the Voyage of the &lsquoMayflower&rsquo [now reproduced in facsimile from the original manuscript](London, 1896). Oversize. [Spine taped and loose]

William Bradford, Bradford&rsquos History &ldquoof Plimoth Plantation.&rdquo From the Original Manuscript. With a Report of the Proceedings Incident to the Return of the Manuscript to Massachusetts (Boston, 1901). [There are editions of this work dated 1898 and 1900.]

William Bradford, edited by [Committee at Mass. Historical Society], History of Plimoth Plantation (Boston, 1912), 2 v.

William Bradford, edited by Samuel Eliot Morison, Of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 (New York, 1952, 8 th printing, 1979).

John Brown, The Pilgrim Fathers of New England and Their Puritan Successors (London, 1896).

Nick Bunker, Making Haste from Babylon: The Mayflower Pilgrims and Their World A New History (New York, 2010).

Walter H. Burgess, John Robinson- Pastor of the Pilgrim Fathers A Study of His Life and Times (London, 1920).

Champlin Burrage, ed., John Pory&rsquos Lost Description of Plymouth Colony in the Earliest Days of the Pilgrim Fathers, Together with Contemporary Accounts of English Colonization Elsewhere in New England and in the Bermudas (Boston, 1918). Oversize.

Douglas Campbell, The Puritan in Holland, England, and America- An Introduction to American History (New York, 1892). 2 v.

Martha Campbell, &ldquoPlymouthColony Proprietors Records&rdquo (typ., 1993).

Edmund J. Carpenter, The Pilgrims and Their Monument (New York, 1911).

R. J. Carpenter, Christopher Martin, Great Burstead and The Mayflower (Chelmsford, Eng., 1982), photocopy of pamphlet.

George W. Chamberlain, &ldquoWilliam Brewster, The Pilgrim Printer&rdquo in The Magazine of History with Notes and Queries, Vol. XV, No. 2 [February 1912], 63-66.

George B. Cheever, The Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, in New England, in 1620: with Historical and Local Illustrations of Providences, Principles, and Persons (New York City, 1848).

Glenn Alan Cheney, Thanksgiving: The Pilgrim&rsquos First Year in America (New London, Conn., 2007). Paperback.

Cobblestone: The History Magazine for Young People, v. 10 no. 11 [Nov. 1989], &ldquoPilgrims to a New World.&rdquo

Winnifred Cockshott, The Pilgrim Fathers Their Church and Colony (Bowie, Md., 2002). Paperback.

Leon E. Cranmer, Cushnoc: The History and Archaeology of Plymouth Colony Traders on the Kennebec (Augusta, Me., 1990).

Laura Crawford, The Pilgrims&rsquo Thanksgiving from A to Z (Gretna, La., 2005). [for very young readers]

John Cuckson, A Brief History of the First Church in Plymouth from 1606-1901 (Boston, 1902).

Ozora S. Davis, &ldquoJohn Robinson Pastor of the Pilgrim Fathers&rdquo reprinted from the Hartford Seminary Record, Vol. 7, Nos. 2 and 3 (Hartford, Conn., 1897).

Charles Deane, The First Plymouth Patent: Granted June 1, 1621 Now First Printed from the Original Manuscript (Cambridge, Eng., 1854). In folder.

James and Patricia (Scott) Deetz, The Times of Their Lives Life, Love, and Death in Plymouth Colony (New York City, 2000).

John Demos, A Little Commonwealth Family Life in Plymouth Colony (New York, 1970).

Henry Martyn Dexter, Mourt&rsquos Relation or Journal of the Plantation at Plymouth with an Introduction and Notes (Boston, 1865).

John Frederick Dorman, &ldquoBrewster-Allerton-Lee: Analysis of Records Concerning Anne (Lee) Eustace and Elizabeth (Lee) Jones Taylor&rdquo report to GSMD dated 28 Feb. 2008. [photocopy]

Thomas Bradford Drew, The Ancient Estate of Governor William Bradford (Boston, 1897). Paperback in folder.

Alice Morse Earle, ed., Diary of Anna Green Winslow- A Boston School Girl of 1771 (Boston, 1894).

A. Eekhof and Edgar F. Romig, &ldquoJohn Robinson: Two addresses delivered in the Pieterskerk in Leyden on the occasion of the unveiling of the memorial-tablet in the baptismal chapel, on Saturday September 8th 1928&rdquo reprinted from the Nederlandsch Archief voor Kerkgeschiedenis, XXI, 4 (The Hague, 1928).

A. Eekhof, The Unknown Documents Concerning the Pilgrims Fathers in Holland (The Hague, 1920). [digitized photocopy]

Herbert Folger, A Record of the Names of the Passengers of the Good Ship &ldquoMayflower&rdquo in December, 1620 (S.l., sn.) [by the New Jersey Society in 1904 or later]

Sheila Foley, ed., Faith Unfurled: The Pilgrims&rsquo Quest for Freedom (Lowell, Mass., 1993). Paperback.

Brandon Fradd, The Winslow Families of Worcestershire (Boston, 2009).

David A. Furlow, &ldquoThe Enigmatic Isaac Allerton: A Mariner, Merchant, Burgher, Attorney, and Diplomat of New Netherland&rdquo in Margriet Bruijn Lacy, Charles Gehring, and Jenneke Oosterhoff, eds., From De Halve Maen to KLM: 400 Years of Dutch-American Exchange (Münster, [2008]), p. 105-118 (photocopy).

Deborah Sampson Gannett, An Address Delivered in 1802 in Various Towns in Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New York (Dedham, Mass., 1802 rep. Boston, 1905). [Pamphlet, bound, gilded, in rotting leather binding &ndash use photocopy first.]

L. D. Geller, ed., They Knew They Were Pilgrims- Essays in Plymouth History (New York, 1971).

John A. Goodwin, The Pilgrim Republic &ndash An Historical Review of the Colony of New Plymouth with Sketches of the Rise of Other New England Settlements, the History of Congregationalism, and the Creeds of the Period (Boston, 1895).

William Elliot Griffis, The Pilgrims in Their Three Homes- England, Holland, America (Boston, 1900).

Cheryl Harness, The Adventurous Life of Myles Standish and the Amazing-But-True Survival Story of Plymouth Colony: Barbary Pirates, The Mayflower, The First Thanksgiving, and Much MUCH More (Washington, D.C., [2006]). [for middle-grade children]

Cheryl Harness, Three Young Pilgrims (New York, 1995). [for very young readers]

Rendel Harris, The Finding of the &ldquoMayflower&rdquo (Manchester, Eng., 1920).

Rendel Harris, The Last of the &ldquoMayflower&rdquo (Manchester, Eng., 1920).

Rendel Harris, ed., Souvenirs of the &ldquoMayflower&rdquo Tercentenary The Documents Concerning the Appraisement of the &ldquoMayflower&rdquo Refusal of the Leyden Authorities to Expel the Pilgrims The Marriage Certificate of William Bradford and Dorothy May The Plymouth Copy of the First Charter of Virginia (Manchester, Eng., 1920). 4 pamphlets in folder.

Rendel Harris & Stephen K. Jones, The Pilgrim Press A Bibliographical & Historical Memorial of the Books Printed at Leyden by the Pilgrim Fathers (Cambridge, Eng., 1921).

Frankie Summers Hauser, Mayflower Descendants in the State of Texas and Their Lineage ([San Antonio, Tex.?], 1967).

Annie Arnoux Haxtun, Signers of the Mayflower Compact (New York, 1896). Oversize.

E. J. V. Huiginn, The Graves of Myles Standish and Other Pilgrims (Beverly, Mass., 1914).

Die Modlin Hoxie, ill., and Carolyn Freeman Travers, text, Plimoth Plantation Coloring Book (Plymouth, Mass., 19980. [for very young readers]

Joseph Hunter, Collections Concerning the Early History of the Founders of New Plymouth, the First Colonists of New England (London, 1849). [Pamphlet cover title: Mr. Hunter&rsquos Critical and Historical Tracts. No II. The First Colonists of New England.]

Joseph Hunter, Collections Concerning the Church or Congregation of Protestant Separatists Formed at Scrooby in North Nottinghamshire, in the Time of King James I: The Founders of New Plymouth, the Parent-Colony of New-England (London, Eng., 1854).

Sydney V. James Jr., ed., Three Visitors to Early Plymouth (Plymouth, Mass., 1963).

Caleb H. Johnson, The Complete Works of the Mayflower Pilgrims with Selected Works by Those Who Knew Them, or Who Visited Early Plymouth Colony (Vancouver, Wash., 2003) Oversize.

Caleb H. Johnson, The Mayflower and Her Passengers ([Vancouver, Wash.], 2006).

Caleb [H.] Johnson, Here Shall I Die Ashore. Stephen Hopkins: Bermuda Castaway, Jamestown Survivor, and Mayflower Pilgrim ([Philadelphia], 2007).

Joke Kardux and Eduard van de Bilt, Newcomers in an Old City the American Pilgrims in Leiden 1609-1620 (Leiden, The Netherlands, 1998).

Dorothy H. Kelso, Hard Hands and Brawny Consciences A New England Family History (1986). Paperback.

H. Roger King, Cape Cod and Plymouth Colony in the Seventeenth Century (Lanham, Md., 1994). Paperback.

Jonathan King, The Mayflower Miracle The Pilgrims&rsquo Own Story of the Founding of America (London, 1987).

Susan M. Kingsbury, An Introduction to the Records of the Virginia Company of London with a Bibliographical List of the Extant Documents (Washington, D.C., 1905). Oversize, paperback.

H. Kirk-Smith, William Brewster &ldquoThe Father of New England&rdquo His Life and Times 1567-1644 (Boston, Eng., 1992).

George D. Langdon Jr., Pilgrim Colony: A History of New Plymouth, 1620-1691 (New Haven, Conn., 1966).

Charles T. Libby, Plymouth Colony Marriages to 1650 together with Mary Chilton&rsquos Title to Celebrity (Warwick, R.I., 1978).

David Lindsay, Mayflower Bastard a Stranger Among the Pilgrims (New York, 2002).

Alexander MacKennal, Homes and Haunts of the Pilgrim Fathers (London, 1899).

D. W. Manchester, &ldquoMistakes in History &ndash The Pilgrims Not Puritans But Separatists&rdquo in The National Magazine, [cut from unknown vol.] [Nov. 1891]: 82-91.

Charles C. Mann, 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus (New York, 2005).

Annie Russell Marble, The Women Who Came in the Mayflower (Boston, 1920).

Thomas W. Mason & B. Nightingale, New Light on the Pilgrim Story (London, 1920).

Albert Matthews, The Term Pilgrim Father (Cambridge, Mass., 1915). [Pamphlet reprint from the Publications of The Colonial Society of Massachusetts, vol. 17.]

Samuel Maverick, A Briefe Discription of New England and the Severall Townes Therein together with the Present Government Thereof (ms., 1660 rep. Boston, 1885). [Pamphlet reprinting of article in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 38 [1884]: 342, and the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 1884.]

William Alexander McAuslan, Mayflower Index (Boston, 1932), 2v. [no longer accepted as sole proof of a Mayflower lineage]

Ann McGovern, The Pilgrims&rsquo First Thanksgiving (New York, 2005). [a book for very young readers]

Blanche McManus, The Voyage of the Mayflower (New York, 1897) as part of the Colonial Monographs series.

Nathaniel Morton, New=Englands&rsquo Memoriall (Boston, 1903).

William P. Muttart and Linda R. Ashley, One Hundred & Eleven Questions & Answers Concerning the Pilgrims (Montville, Conn., 2007). [paperback]

Adelia White Notson & Robert Carver Notson, comp., Stepping Stones: The Pilgrims&rsquo Own Story (Portland, Ore., 1987).

Ethel J. R. C. Noyes, The Women of the Mayflower and Women of Plymouth Colony (Plymouth, Mass., 1921).

John M. Pafford, How Firm a Foundation William Bradford and Plymouth (Bowie, Md., 2002). Paperback.

Russell M. Peters, The Wampanoags of Mashpee (S.n., 1987). Paperback, oversize.

Nathaniel Philbrick, Mayflower: A Story of Courage, Community, and War (New York, 2006).

Nathaniel Philbrick, The Mayflower and the Pilgrims&rsquo New World (New York, 2008).

Pilgrim Hall Museum, The Pilgrims & the Fur Trade: A curriculum unit for grades 5-7. Study Strands: History, Economics & Finance, and Geography with connections to Mathematics (Plymouth, Mass., 2006).

Plimoth Plantation, &ldquoMusic & Dance from the Time of the Pilgrims&rdquo (undated pamphlet).

D. Plooij, The Pilgrim Fathers from a Dutch Point of View (New York, 1932).

D. Plooij and J. Rendel Harris of Manchester, Leyden Documents relating to the Pilgrim Fathers Permission to Reside at Leyden and Bethrothal Records Together with Parallel Documents from the Amsterdam Archives (Leyden, The Netherlands, 1920). Oversize.

Jenny Hale Pulsipher, &ldquo&lsquoSubjects &hellip unto the same king&rsquo: New England Indians and the Use of Royal Political Power&rdquo published in The Massachusetts Historical Review, vol. 5 (2003). [photocopy]

William Howell Reed, Elder William Brewster A Monograph (S.n., 1894). Paperback.

Gary Boyd Roberts, ed., Mayflower Source Records: Primary Data Concerning Southeastern Massachusetts, Cape Cod, and the Islands of Nantucket and Martha&rsquos Vineyard from The New England Historical and Genealogical Register (Baltimore, 1986).

Susan E. Roser, Mayflower Increasings (Baltimore: 2 nd ed., 1997).

Susan E. Roser, Mayflower Births & Deaths from the files of George Ernest Bowman at the Massachusetts society of Mayflower Descendants (Baltimore, 1992), 2v.

Susan E. Roser, Mayflower Marriages from the files of George Ernest Bowman at the Massachusetts society of Mayflower Descendants (Baltimore, 1990).

Susan E. Roser, Mayflower Deeds & Probates from the files of George Ernest Bowman at the Massachusetts society of Mayflower Descendants (Baltimore, 1994).

Susan E. Roser, Mayflower Passenger References (from contemporary records and scholarly journals) ([Milton, Ont.,] 2011]).

Louise Rumnock and Carol Lanman Yovanovich, Pilgrim Myles and Tom-T&rsquos Plymouth Adventure Activity / Coloring Book Ages 5-7 (Port Orange, Fl., 2004).

Louise Rumnock and Carol Lanman Yovanovich, Pilgrim Myles and Tom-T&rsquos Plymouth Adventure Activity Book Ages 8-10 (Port Orange, Fl., 2004).

William S. Russell, Guide to Plymouth, and Recollections of the Pilgrims (Boston, 1846).

William S. Russell, Pilgrim Memorials, and Guide to Plymouth with a Lithographic Map, and Eight Heliotypes (Boston, 1886).

Edwin G. Sanford, The Pilgrim Fathers and Plymouth Colony: A Bibiliographical Survey of Books and Articles Published during the Past Fifty Years (Boston, 1970). [photocopy]

Gary D. Schmidt, William Bradford: Plymouth&rsquos Faithful Pilgrim (Grand Rapids, Mich., 1999). [a book for young readers]

Jerome D. Segel and R. Andrew Pierce, The Wampanoag Genealogical History of Martha&rsquos Vineyard, Massachusetts (Baltimore, Md., 2003).

Marcia Sewall, The Pilgrims of Plimoth (New York, 1986, rep. 1996). Children&rsquos book.

Hubert Kinney Shaw, Families of the Pilgrims (Boston, 1956).

Ruth Wilder Sherman and Robert S. Wakefield, Plymouth Colony Probate Guide: Where to find Wills and Related Data For 800 People of Plymouth Colony 1620 &ndash 1691 (Warwick, R.I., 1983).

Mary B. Sherwood, Pilgrim A Biography of William Brewster (Falls Church, Va., 1982).

C. H. Simmons Jr., Plymouth Colony Records: Volume 1: Wills and Inventories, 1633-1669 (Rockland, Me., 1996, rep. 2011).

Ashbel Steele, Chief of the Pilgrims: or The Life and Time of William Brewster, Ruling Elder of the Pilgrim Company that Founded New Plymouth, the Parent Colony of New England, in 1620 (Philadelphia, 1857).

Francis R. Stoddard, The Truth About the Pilgrims (New York, 1952).

Channing S. Swan, Background of &ldquoThe Pilgrim Movement&rdquo as Revealed by Visits to Places in Europe of Mayflower Interest (S.n., 1958). Typescript with photos, oversize.

Mary Alice Tenney, The Pilgrims: A Selected List of Works in the Public Library of the City of Boston (Boston, 1920). [photocopy]

Milton E. Terry and Anne Borden Harding, comp., Alden Gamaliel Beaman, Velma H. Terry, and Willard Newell Woodward, eds., Mayflower Ancestral Index, Volume I [Descendants of the Families: Brewster, Chilton, Eaton, Samuel Fuller, More, Rogers, Soule, White] [no longer accepted as sole proof of a Mayflower lineage]

A True Relation concerning the Estate of New-England as it was Presented to his Ma tie (ms., ca. 1634 rep. Boston, 1886). [Pamphlet reprinted from the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 40 [1886].

Terry Tucker, Bermuda &ndash Unintended Destination (Bermuda, 1978, 1982).

J. W. Verburgt, The Pilgrim Fathers&rsquo at Leyden (Holland) (Leyden, The Netherlands, 1955). Paperback.

Alvin G. Weeks, Massasoit of the Wampanoags with a Brief Commentary on Indian Character and Sketches of Other Great Chiefs, Tribes and Nations Also a Chapter on Samoset, Squanto and Hobamock, Three Early Native Friends of the Plymouth Colonists (Fall River, Mass., 1920).

David K. Weiner, History Makers In Their Own Words (Baltimore, 2005). [on John Alden]

Dorothy Wentworth, The Alden Family in the Alden House (Duxbury, Mass., 1980).

Henry White, Indian Battles: with Incidents in the Early History of New England, Containing Thrilling and Stirring Narratives of Battles, Captivities, Escapes, Ambuscades, Assaults, Massacres, and Depredations of the Indians. The Habits, Customs, and Traits of Character Peculiar to the Indian Race. The Life and Exploits of Capt. Miles Standish The History of King Phillip&rsquos War, and Personal and Historical Incidents of the Revolutionary War (New York, 1859).

Gertrude Whittier, The Good Ship Mayflower (S.n., 1933).

Erastus Edward Williamson, The &ldquoMaster Williamson&rdquo of The &ldquoMayflower&rdquo Pilgrims: Who He Was and His Relationship to Timothy Williamson, Senior of Marshfield, Mass. (Hyde Park, Mass., 1917).

George F. Willison, Saints and Strangers Being the Lives of the Pilgrim Fathers & Their Families, with their Friends & Foes & an Account of Their Posthumous Wanderings in Limbo, Their Final Resurrection & Rise to Glory & the Strange Pilgrimages of Plymouth Rock (New York, 1945).

Edward Winslow, Hypocrisie Unmasked A True Relation of the Proceedings of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Against Samuel Gorton of Rhode Island (London, 1646 rep. Providence, 1916).

William Copley Winslow, &ldquoGovernor Edward Winslow: His Part and Place in Plymouth Colony&rdquo reprinted from the New York Genealogical and Biographical Record (July 1896).

Justin Winsor, The Surrender of the Bradford Manuscript (Cambridge, Mass., 1897).

Justin Winsor, Elder William Brewster and Other Notes (Cambridge, Mass., 1887). Pamphlet in folder.

Judith Lloyd Yero, The Mayflower Compact (Washington, D.C., 2006). Children&rsquos book.

Alexander Young, Chronicles of The Pilgrim Fathers of the Colony of Plymouth, from 1602-1625 (Boston, 1844 rep., 1974). Paperback.

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, ed., Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England: Court Orders [1633-1691] (Boston, 1855-1856), v. 1-6. [oversized]

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, ed., Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England: Judicial Acts. 1633-1692 (Boston, 1857), v. 7. [oversized]

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, ed., Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England: Miscellaneous Records. 1633-1689 (Boston, 1857), v. 8. [oversized]

David Pulsifer, ed., Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England: Acts of the Commissioners of the United Colonies of New England, 1643-1678/9 (Boston, 1859), v. 9-10. [oversized]

David Pulsifer, ed., Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England: Laws, 1623-1682 (Boston, 1861), v. 11. [oversized]

David Pulsifer, ed., Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England: Deeds Vol. I. 1620-1651 &c. (Boston, 1861), v. 12. [oversized]


The Unidrive SP is now a superceded product and is in it's maintenance period. Volume production of these products has now ceased, but manufacturer contractual obligations regarding warranty, service and repairs will continue. The maintenance period is expected to last up to ten years subject to raw material and component availability and will end in 2027 when no further manufacturer support will be available. Drives and Automation are able to supply refurbished units for certain models, simply contact us with details of your existing Unidrive SP and we will see if we can offer you a replacement.

An Ignatian Storytelling Initiative

To celebrate the Ignatian Year, the Jesuit Conference of Canada and the United States is launching a global Ignatian storytelling initiative entitled In the Pilgrim’s Company, a project that will take a fresh, innovative look at St. Ignatius’ autobiography. And we’re inviting storytellers the world over to contribute their ideas.

This isn’t a simple rehashing of Ignatius’ own words, though. This is an opportunity to delve deeply into the character of one of the many people St. Ignatius encounters during his pilgrim journey – from those early pages stuck in bed with a wounded leg to the final pages in Rome beginning charitable works.

The storytelling challenge is to identify a character from the autobiography – other than St. Ignatius – and explore their thoughts, motivations and perspectives on the would-be saint.

What did Ignatius’ brother, for example, really think about his sibling’s newfound faith? What of the Muslim man Ignatius passed on the road? What insight might be gleaned by exploring a theoretical character who sees Ignatius at work on the streets of Manresa? One might wonder what was going through the mind of Francis Xavier prior to meeting Ignatius. Or, the mind of Pope Paul III as he encountered this band of holy men.

This approach to storytelling is quite Ignatian. The challenge is to drop oneself into this classic story, to take a look around with fresh eyes and to glean new insight from that reflective experience. Perspectives often overlooked, ignored or forgotten come to the forefront, deepening our understanding of Ignatius’ life. This, in many ways, is imaginative prayer.

During this Ignatian Year, we’re invited to “see all things new in Christ.” This storytelling opportunity is an invitation to do exactly that: To gaze upon something familiar with new eyes, to allow the Holy Spirit to teach us something new about the life of this saint – and thus something new about the one whom this saint served.

Submission Details

We are accepting original pieces of fiction (up to 5,000 words), poetry, one-act plays or comic strips. Successful submissions will:

  • Clearly identify and assume the persona of a character that is in Ignatius’ autobiography, or a character that might have been in his autobiography (e.g. a townsperson)
  • Reflect a deep understanding of Ignatius’ autobiography, as demonstrated by an accurate historical representation of both the life of Ignatius and the society in which he lived
  • Reflect a deep understanding of Ignatian spirituality, the Society of Jesus and the Catholic imagination and,
  • Connect the story of Ignatius with the signs of the times today, as well as the Ignatian Year’s call to conversion.

There will be two submission periods: March 1, 2021 through June 15, 2021 and October 1, 2021 through January 31, 2022. Selected submissions will be featured on Jesuits.org/pilgrimstories throughout the course of the Ignatian Year (May 2021 – July 2022). This project is open to anyone in the world, though at this time, all submissions must be in English.

Selected contributors will receive a stipend, as well as an opportunity to be featured across Jesuit media platforms, including podcasts, videos and more.

More Comments:

Bob Loza - 11/25/2010

Mr. Bangs' comments from way back in '05 (which I just stumbled upon this Thanksgiving Day 2010) seem well presented and well said.
I have no idea what the "agenda" may be behind the author's words. A call for unemotional debate or discussion of the "facts" seems to cover it, however. I have always been skeptical of the glorious rhetoric so often heard in praise of the Puritans (or Friends, or whatever they called themselves), because I have never felt we as a nation needed to do so. The holiday itself was instituted in the latter 1800's, or so I have read, and as a union of states who had survived all manner of discordant events - some of them self-inflicted - it made sense then, as it does today, to set aside a day to ponder our history and fortunes, and then sit down to stuff ourselves. I would personally prefer it if we didn't have to keep bringing up these ornery malcontents who landed here to establish their own exclusive (literally) society, and ascribe all manner of noble and self-determining motives to them, but that's the history of own history, and in the end, most of us try to just have a day together and get along as best we can.

I mean, what does buying a mattress or watching The Saints on TV have to do with Thanksgiving anyway?

The good news is that I am free to read and absorb all the truth available and conclude, in the end, that one single story or POV doesn't quite cover everything. Maybe we should have a few American Natives join us for dinner every year, and hey, that's not a bad idea. But today I'll just chill and enjoy the dinner my wife's cooking downstairs. It'll be great. Cheers to us all.

Steven A. Gold - 11/27/2009

Revealing the grand narrative of colonialism appears to sting those who make their living supporting it.

The article headline is not supported in the analysis. Not many of the 'debunkers' he's talking about, say that the colonial force that massacred approx. 700 men, women and children of the Pequot Nation was from one specific particular colony. The gloating Governor proclaiming an annual day of celebration and thanksgiving for an act of genocide was from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Myself and many people indigenous to Turtle Island really do not care about the European squabling about secular/non-secular, pilgrim/puritan/protestant or any other biblical reference inaccuracy. That fact that genocide was justified and encouraged by Euro-christians is enough. The majority of Bangs clarifications are simply designating the difference between the SS and the Gestapo, to use a more recent genocide as reference.

And, Bangs seems to think that by disproving claims of 'initial' grave robbing by pilgrims, he is disproving the introduction of sexism, racism, homophobia, jails, social class system, and the murderous genocidal tendencies of early colonials. It doesn't.

I do agree with this wee bit of insight:
“To ask whether this is true is to ask the wrong question. It’s true to its purposes. … And that’s all it needs to be. For these holidays say much less about who we really were in some specific Then, than about who we want to be in an ever changing Now." "And that’s all it needs to be”? I disagree. I think that a historian approaching the question of Thanksgiving Day in the “ever changing Now” will need to ask “the wrong question” – what of all this is true?"

Truth is relative. Bangs' acculturation as a historian, classically trained in the European tradition means that he thinks he can discover the truth of the Then, if he is diligent enough. But what he will accept as truth will be different than someone else who may be trained differently and is just as dilligent.

re: 200 Internet websites that he surveyed on this topic:
"Almost all the corrections are themselves incorrect or banal. With heavy self-importance and pathetic political posturing, they demonstrate quite unsurprisingly that what was once taught in grade school lacked scope, subtlety, and minority insight."
1) I could find 10,000 Internet references by christians and muslims alike, that are likely incorrect. It's the Internet for heaven sake.
2) That he uses terms like "banal" and "pathetic" reveal his own self-importance and his position within a specific ideology.

What is taught today, not "once taught," in all formal education, not just grade school, on this topic, does "lack scope, subtlety, and minority insight." Now if this comes "unsurprisingly" to Bangs, then why does he banter about the differences between the colony's? Why doesn't he add some scope and minority insight into the myths being taught as history? Maybe add some stories that have previously failed to the meet the colonial project that continues to teach that the transplanted European civilization is the pinnacle of humanity. He knows it is not, but he choses to participate in the erasure of knowledge that doesn't fit the colonial project standard.

To call other perspectives as being "heavy with self-importance and pathetic political posturing" is an excellent grasp of the extremely obvious. He is only able to publish this on the Internet, because no academic publication would allow such an opinion piece that is ladden with his own "self-importance and pathetic political posturing." That is not calling the kettle black. It is what it is. What in the world did he expect to find by surveying 200 or more Internet sites? Truth? His truth is already revealed. My response supports the revelation of other peoples truths. Yup, it's a political project.

William D French - 11/26/2009

The article on the debunkers of Thanksgiving myths is completely wrong. The writer might have a Doctorate but his arguments are not based on fact (he gives very few in his piece) and we must remember he worked for THE organization that has purposefully spread lies about the history of Thanksgiving.

Sarah Tollen - 11/8/2009

What was done to the Jewish people in Germany was sick. But even the people who were guily of those crimes do not have a holiday to relish what they did year after year. Millions of native American killed. Millions of Africans killed. And we keep sugar coating what happened and lying to our children to carry on a very sick tradition based on death. We cant forget what happened to these people because history has a way of repeating itself. The children of America are raised on lies and denials
Many go their whole life believing in fairytales that the rest of the world find horrific. The truth will set us all free. Then and only then can we move forward as a whole nation and be respected throughout the world.

Steve Stockford - 11/3/2008

Nice job at trying to discredit A dead college professor who did the academic research needed to set the record straight. Had you done a little more research you would have discovered professor Newell was in fact well learned, and a faculty member at at several prestigious schools including U of Florida, U of Maine, U Penn, and U of Tampa. Newell was also a recognized expert in U.S. Indian relations, giving testimony to the U.S. congress in the early 1970's. I believe William Newell's accounting to be the most true and accurate accounting of the facts. Peraps before you try to discredit someone you shoud do a little more research.

Michael Roy Paulick - 11/8/2005

I agree with Dr. Bangs that there is a great assortment of nonsensical interpretations regarding the Pilgrim thanksgiving celebration of 1621. I believe it is useful to review the documentary sources from that time.
In 1614 John Robinson, the Pilgrim’s pastor and religious teacher, wrote that thanksgiving to God “for other good things [bestowed] upon themselves, and theirs . . . [was merely] a duty of the Christian person, or family. . .” Later, in the same essay, John Robinson wrote that Leiden Pilgrims must especially serve God with “fervent prayer, and hearty thanksgiving unto God, for his unspeakable goodness . . ..”
Thomas Wilson’s A Christian Dictionarie was first published in 1612 so it is possible that the Pilgrims read it in Leiden and carried it onboard the Mayflower in 1620.
Copies were found in the inventories of some of the Pilgrims and William Brewster had a copy in his library which may have served the community. Wilson’s dictionary offered a religious definition of thanksgiving that included “An acknowledgement and confessing, with gladnesse, of the benefits and deliverances of God . . . to the praise of his Name.” Wilson added Thanksgiving hath in it “Cheerfulnesse, being glad of an occasion to praise him, and doing it gladly, with joy.”
Research into what the Pilgrims themselves were taught and read can, perhaps, shed some light on their intentions. It is likely that they fulfilled their perceived Christian duty by offering thanksgiving and praise to God for their harvest. Many of them were probably glad, joyful, and cheerful to be able to survive on the fruits of their harvest.

Mayflower Descendant

Click to Subscribe

Mayflower Descendant—a journal of Pilgrim genealogy and history—is one of the most highly respected scholarly journals in the field of genealogy.

The journal is published twice per year, in winter and summer. Each issue is approximately 100 pages plus an annual every-name index in summer.

The result of an agreement with the Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants (MSMD), the New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS) has assumed a ten-year stewardship of the venerable journal the Mayflower Descendant.

First published in 1899 by George Ernest Bowman, founder of the Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, which published the journal until 2014, the Mayflower Descendant has long been a highly regarded source of scholarship relating to Mayflower families and related genealogies, their origins in England, and their lives and places of residence in America, from the earliest settlements to their migrations north and westward. Under NEHGS, the Mayflower Descendant will continue to be a significant source of genealogical and historical scholarship and will maintain the Descendant’s historic standards.

Topics to be explored in forthcoming issues:

  • Further genealogical analysis of Pilgrim families in New England and their origins in England and the Netherlands.
  • Towns in Plymouth Colony, England, and the Netherlands with which Pilgrims are associated (similar to items in The Great Migration Newsletter).
  • Genealogical summaries of families in eastern Massachusetts into which Mayflower descendants married, with which they were often associated, or which bore Pilgrim surnames.
  • Mayflower families beyond the fifth generation, often in locations beyond eastern Massachusetts (the “Mayflower diaspora”).
  • Further record transcription from eastern Massachusetts or from areas into which Mayflower descendants moved.

Volume 69, Number 1, Winter 2021

John Wade of Massachusetts and John Wade of Nova Scotia: Are They the Same Man?

Ancestry and History of Philip Delano, Born Philippe de Lannoy: Further Findings about the de Lannoy and Mahieu Families

Notable Mayflower Descendants: Senator Tammy Duckworth

The English Origins of Job, John, Daniel, and Ruth Cole

Eastham and Truro [Mass.] Town Records, 1671–1783 (continued from Vol. 68 [2020]: 76)

Jane Clarke: A Strong Woman
The English Origins of William Collier’s Wife

Additions and Corrections to MD 67 (2019): 138 and MD 68 (2020): 129

Pilgrim Psychiatric Center History: Days of Past and Present

Long Islander’s who pay some of the highest real estate taxes in the Nation, may find this hard to believe, but in 1929, a Brentwood Long Island location was chosen by Governor Alfred Smith to be the sight of a new mental institution because of low land cost. Many years before the urban exit to the suburbs of Long Island and New Jersey, land was actually still pretty cheap in “the country.”

The Pilgrim Psychiatric Center often referred to as the Pilgrim State Psychiatric Center stood once on over 800 acres of land in the town of Brentwood Long Island. The center officially opened in 1931 with an official transfer of about one hundred patients from the nearby Central Islip Psychiatric Center. The center was named after Dr. Charles W. Pilgrim. The doctor had been the New York State Commissioner of Mental Health at the beginning of the 20th century. What was extraordinary about the Pilgrim State Psychiatric Center was the sheer size of the institution. The center became the largest psychiatric center in the nation. The center’s vast amount of buildings and land earned itself a reputation as a city within itself. Because of its size, New York State built within the Psychiatric Center’s infrastructure its own utilities to fuel the complex. The complex provided its own water, electricity, heat and sewage system. The Pilgrim Psychiatric Center also had its owns fire and police departments, post office, church and courts. The open lands at the center were utilized for farming and athletic fields The Pilgrim Psychiatric Center’s infrastructure echoed the same infrastructure one may find at many of New York State’s modern University’s which are usually run on independent grids.

In the 1940’s, a thirteen story building was constructed by the United States Army adjacent to the grounds of the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center. The building, which also stood parallel to Commack Road, was opened as the Edgewood State Hospital. If you lived on Long Island or ever traveled along Commack Road while the building still stood, you could not help but be completely intimidated by its presence. During World War II, the Edgewood State Hospital was renamed Mason General Hospital. The hospital was named after Brigadier General Charles Field Mason. The hospital system utilized the Edgewood State Hospital building, and a few adjacent buildings that were part of the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center complex.

The photograph below is an edited version from the New York Public Library Collection. The photograph displays the grounds of the Mason General Hospital from the Commack Road viewpoint. However, the trees had not yet been planted so its appears to be on open land. Once the trees and brush took over the grounds between the building and Commack Road , the view from the street became more harrowing as drivers only saw the top half of the building looming over the trees. The view of the building was a ghastly sight. There were not many tall buildings on Long Island during the 20th Century. The tallest buildings were the modern looking hotels built along the Long Island Expressway service road and on route 110. Even the factories in Long Island’s industrial parks were under three stories tall. So buildings like the Edgewood State/Mason General Hospital really stood out among the landscape of two story homes and shopping centers.

Photo: Irma and Paul Milstein Division of United States History, Local History and Genealogy, The New York Public Library. “Mason General Hospital near Brentwood, L.I.” New York Public Library Digital Collections. Accessed March 13, 2017. http://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/c54de190-a682-0133-e7c0-00505686d14e

What separates Pilgrim Psychiatric Center from other well-known Long Island Psychiatric Centers like Kings Park Psychiatric Center and the Central Islip Psychiatric Center is the fact that the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center is still in operation. In fact, it was in 1996 when New York State closed the Kings Park Psychiatric Center and the Central Islip Psychiatric Center that all patients from those two centers were transferred to the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center. In 2017, the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center functions as modern day psychiatric center. The center is utilized for impatient and outpatient services that cover a wide spectrum of illness and rehabilitation issues. There are fifteen patient wards that are spread out among the grounds of the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center. The Psychiatric Center is also the home of many residential agencies. The grounds still employee a heavy security presence to police the thrill-seekers looking to run through some of the center’s abandoned buildings. While the Kings Park Psychiatric Center which is only a few miles north on the Sagtikos Parkway has become the ultimate ghost town, the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center remains a functioning New York State mental health facility.

Photo: Cole Kachejian Copyright © 2017

Even though the center is currently operational, there are still reminders on the grounds of the dark days of institutional care.Those were the days before the advent of certain medicines brought an end to inhumane treatments. Many of the roads are blocked off and wide open fields lay where buildings were torn down. The red brick buildings serve as a reminder of a sad time when World Wars fueled an abundance of mental health issues. So many lives were destroyed by the experiences of fighting in the wars. What sometimes may be forgotten is the effect that the wars had on the parents, spouses, children and friends of United States soldiers wounded or killed in the wars. While the wars were not the only reason so many people were committed to these hospitals, their psychological effect on society should not be underestimated.

Since the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center is still an open functioning facility, access to the grounds can be easy obtained via the Sagtikos Parkway. The facility has its own exit off the Parkway. Exit S2 connects the off ramp of the Sagtikos Parkway directly onto the grounds of the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center. The center is not far from the grounds of the Suffolk County Community College Eastern Campus. A campus built on the grounds that were once part of the Pilgrim Psychiatric Center.

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Watch the video: The TRUTH about Pilgrims, Plymouth Rock and the Mayflower Ship