17 December 1942

17 December 1942

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17 December 1942

December 1942



The United Nations is given the job of prosecuting those who commit war crimes against the Jews

Captured B-17 Bombers in World War II

Ever wondered what happened with a B-17 that made an emergency landing in occupied territory? When captured (relatively) intact they were tested by the Germans and sometimes put into service!

The Germans started Kampfgeschwader 200 (KG 200), a Luftwaffe special operations unit which would operate captured Allied airplanes. On top if that the unit carried out especially difficult bombing and transport operations, long-distance reconnaissance flights, tested new aircraft designs.

We have assembled some pictures of captured B-17 bombers being flown by KG 200:

The first Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bomber operated by German forces, in KG 200 markings. This B-17F-27-BO (41-24585 PU-B) was crash-landed near Melun, France by a crew from the 303d Bombardment Group on December 12, 1942 and repaired by Luftwaffe ground staff. [Via]

B17f-42-30336 landed in a field at Norholm Estate near Varde Denmark on 9.10.1943 after developing engine trouble, the crew baled out and the pilot landed the plane. The Germans captured the plane and later test pilot Hans-Werner Lerche flew the plane out of the field to Esbjerg Airfield. It was then flown on to Rechlin for evaluation, it was given the code 7+8 and is known to have been flown until Dec 1944. [Via]

A captured B-17 draped with camouflage netting [Via]

B-17F-85-BO “Flak Dancer” (42-30048) from 544BS 384BG [Via]


Born This Day In History 17th December

Celebrating Birthday's Today
Paula Radcliffe
Born: 17th December 1973 Davenham, Cheshire, UK
Known For :
Paula Radcliffe is known as a world class long distance runner who is the current world record holder for the women's marathon, she has won most of the major marathons at some stage in her career including London Marathon, New York City Marathon, and the World Championship Marathon, but with all that talent and also the world record holder she has never won a medal at the largest stage of all "The Olympic Games.

Peter Snell
Born: 17th December 1962 Opunake, New Zealand
Known For : Peter Snell is a New Zealand middle distance runner who achieved 3 Gold medals in the Olympic Games in the 60's 800 meters at Rome 1960 and 800 and 1500 meters at Tokyo 1964 , He was also the World Mile record holder for a time

East Longmeadow, MA. – December 17, 1942

At about 1130 a.m. on December 17, 1942, Lieutenant Raymond Murby, 23, of New York City, was piloting a P-47 Thunderbolt over central Massachusetts when the engine suddenly lost all power. The aircraft was observed by a ground witness to go into a steep dive, with Lt. Murby fighting to regain control. When he was almost to the ground, Murby was able to straighten the aircraft out on an even keel, and it was seen to sail overtop of a row of homes and a barn, barely missing the roof tops. The aircraft then dropped to about 20-25 feet over the snow covered ground before it crashed into a stand of white pines at the edge of a field, shearing off both wings. When the fuselage came to rest there was no fire, and Lt. Murby was able to extricate himself despite the fact he was seriously injured. He attempted to walk toward some homes he could see through the trees, but discovered he couldn’t use his legs. There he lay until rescuers found him about a half hour later.

Source: Unknown Newspaper, “Army Plane Crashes Near City – East Long Meadow Line Pilot Rushed To Hospital”, December 17, 1942


Photoplay began publishing in 1911. It sometimes shifted titles for a time to include titles of publications it merged with, like Movie Mirror and TV-Radio Mirror. The first actively copyright-renewed issue is January 1944 (v. 24 no. 2). The first actively copyright-renewed contribution is from August 1926. (More details) (Some of the gaps in the listings here are due to renewed active copyrights.) Photoplay ceased publication in 1980.

Persistent Archives of Complete Issues

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This is a record of a major serial archive. This page is maintained for The Online Books Page. (See our criteria for listing serial archives.) This page has no affiliation with the serial or its publisher.

17 December 1942 - History

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership. They recognize that ending poverty and other deprivations must go hand-in-hand with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality, and spur economic growth – all while tackling climate change and working to preserve our oceans and forests.

The SDGs build on decades of work by countries and the UN, including the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs

  • In June 1992, at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, more than 178 countries adopted Agenda 21, a comprehensive plan of action to build a global partnership for sustainable development to improve human lives and protect the environment.
  • Member States unanimously adopted the Millennium Declaration at the Millennium Summit in September 2000 at UN Headquarters in New York. The Summit led to the elaboration of eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to reduce extreme poverty by 2015.
  • The Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development and the Plan of Implementation, adopted at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in South Africa in 2002, reaffirmed the global community's commitments to poverty eradication and the environment, and built on Agenda 21 and the Millennium Declaration by including more emphasis on multilateral partnerships.
  • At the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in June 2012, Member States adopted the outcome document "The Future We Want" in which they decided, inter alia, to launch a process to develop a set of SDGs to build upon the MDGs and to establish the UN High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development. The Rio +20 outcome also contained other measures for implementing sustainable development, including mandates for future programmes of work in development financing, small island developing states and more.
  • In 2013, the General Assembly set up a 30-member Open Working Group to develop a proposal on the SDGs.
  • In January 2015, the General Assembly began the negotiation process on the post-2015 development agenda. The process culminated in the subsequent adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, with 17 SDGs at its core, at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in September 2015.
  • 2015 was a landmark year for multilateralism and international policy shaping, with the adoption of several major agreements:
      (March 2015) (July 2015) with its 17 SDGs was adopted at the UN Sustainable Development Summit in New York in September 2015. (December 2015)
  • Today, the Division for Sustainable Development Goals (DSDG) in the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) provides substantive support and capacity-building for the SDGs and their related thematic issues, including water, energy, climate, oceans, urbanization, transport, science and technology, the Global Sustainable Development Report (GSDR), partnerships and Small Island Developing States. DSDG plays a key role in the evaluation of UN systemwide implementation of the 2030 Agenda and on advocacy and outreach activities relating to the SDGs. In order to make the 2030 Agenda a reality, broad ownership of the SDGs must translate into a strong commitment by all stakeholders to implement the global goals. DSDG aims to help facilitate this engagement.

    Follow DSDG on Facebook at www.facebook.com/sustdev and on Twitter at @SustDev.

    17 December 1942 - History

    A merica joined Britain's strategic air campaign designed to destroy Nazi Germany's industrial capacity soon after her entrance into World War Two. Launching Boeing B-17 "Flying Fortresses" and Consolidated B-24 "Liberators" from bases in England's eastern countryside, the Americans bombed their targets during the day while the British attacked at night.

    Up to 1,000 of these heavy bombers would take part in a raid - the planes flying in a three dimensional formation in which boxes of aircraft were stacked one above the other to take full advantage of their combined defensive firepower. The early confidence that the bombers' defenses alone could repel enemy fighter attacks was quickly shattered. Losses were high. It was not until long-range fighter aircraft capable of escorting the bombers to and from their targets were made available that losses dropped to an acceptable level.

    Manned by a crew of 10, the many heavy machine guns that bristled from the front, back, top, bottom and sides of the four-engine

    B-17s fly in formation. Overhead, vapor trails
    trace the weaving path of their fighter escort.
    B-17 prompted its nickname, the "Flying Fortress." On days that a mission was planned, the airmen would be awakened in the early morning hours and fed a hearty breakfast followed by a briefing describing the mission. They would then be taken to their planes and await the signal to take off. Once aloft, brightly colored "lead-ships" would direct the bombers to pre-determined points where they would organize themselves into their attack formations.

    Missions that penetrated deep into enemy territory could last up to eight hours and be filled with anxious anticipation as all eyes searched the skies for enemy defenders. They could expect attacks by fighters armed with machineguns, canon and rockets as well as heavy antiaircraft fire from the ground and even bombs dropped from above. The bombers were expected to maintain their positions at all costs - in order to provide the most effective defensive fire and to assure the most devastating results once their bombs were dropped.

    The planes were unheated and open to the outside air. The crew wore electrically heated suits and heavy gloves that provided some protection against temperatures that could dip to 60 degrees below zero. Once above 10,000 feet they donned oxygen masks as the planes continued to climb to their operational level that could be as high as 29,000 feet. Nearing the target, each crew member would don a 30-pound flak suit and a steel helmet designed to protect against antiaircraft fire. Parachutes were too bulky to be worn all the time, but crewmen did wear a harness that allowed them to quickly clip on their parachute when needed.

    Prior to 1944, a crewman's tour of duty was set at 25 missions. As a measure of the hazards they would encounter, it is estimated that the average crewman had only a one in four chance of actually completing his tour of duty.

    Joseph Hallock was a twenty-two-year-old first lieutenant serving as the bombardier aboard "Ginger" a B-17 flying out of its base north of London. Hallock dropped out of college to enlist in the Army Air Force in June 1942. After training as a bombardier, he arrived in England in November 1943 and began his combat career on the last day of the year:

    "My first raid was on December thirty-first, over Ludwigshaven. Naturally, not knowing what it was going to be like, I didn't feel scared. A little sick, maybe, but not scared. That comes later, when you begin to understand what your chances of survival are. Once we'd crossed into Germany, we spotted some flak, but it was a good long distance below us and looked pretty and not dangerous: different-colored puffs making a soft, cushiony-looking pattern under our plane. A bombardier sits right in the plexiglas nose of a Fort, so he sees everything neatly laid out in front of him, like a living-room rug. It seemed to me at first that I'd simply moved in on a wonderful show.' I got over feeling sick, there was so much to watch.

    We made our run over the target, got our bombs away, and apparently did a good job. Maybe it was the auto-pilot and bomb sight that saw to that, but I'm sure I was cool enough on that first raid to do my job without thinking too much about it. Then, on the

    The B-17G
    way home, some Focke-Wulfs showed up, armed with rockets, and I saw three B-I7s in the different groups around us suddenly blow up and drop through the sky. Just simply blow up and drop through the sky. Nowadays, if you come across something awful happening, you always think, 'My God, it's just like a movie,' and that's what I thought. I had a feeling that the planes weren't really falling and burning, the men inside them weren't really dying, and everything would turn out happily in the end. Then, very quietly through the interphone, our tail gunner said, 'I'm sorry, sir, I've been hit.'

    I crawled back to him and found that he'd been wounded in the side of the head - not deeply but enough so he was bleeding pretty bad. Also, he'd got a lot of the plexiglas dust from his shattered turret in his eyes, so he was, at least for the time being, blind.Though he was blind, he was still able to use his hands, and I ordered him to fire his guns whenever he heard from me. I figured that a few bursts every so often from his fifties would keep the Germans off our tail, and I also figured that it would give the kid something to think about besides the fact that he'd been hit. When I got back to the nose, the pilot told me that our No. 4 engine had been shot out. Gradually we lost our place in the formation and flew nearly alone over France. That's about the most dangerous thing that can happen to a lame Fort, but the German fighters had luckily given up and we skimmed over the top of the flak all the way to the Channel."

    "They came so close that I could see the pilots' faces. "

    In early 1944 the number of missions required to complete his tour of duty was extended from 25 to 30. This meant that Lt. Hallock and his buddies, each of whom had been counting down each mission, now had five additional to fly. We pick up his story as he begins his 27th (and worst) mission:

    "We had a feeling, though, that this Augsburg show was bound to be tough, and it was. We made our runs and got off our bombs in the midst of one hell of a dogfight. Our group leader was shot down and about a hundred and fifty or two hundred German fighters swarmed over us as we headed for home. Then, screaming in from someplace, a twenty millimeter cannon shell exploded in the nose of our Fort. It shattered the plexiglas, broke my interphone and oxygen connections, and a fragment of it cut through my heated suit and flak suit. I could feel it burning into my right shoulder and arm. My first reaction was to disconnect my heated suit. I had some idea that I might get electrocuted if I didn't.

    I crawled back in the plane, wondering if anyone else needed first aid. I couldn't communicate with them, you see, with my phone

    A B-17 succumbs to an attack.
    dead. I found that two shells had hit in the waist of the plane, exploding the cartridge belts stored there, and that one waist gunner had been hit in the forehead and the other in the jugular vein. I thought, 'I'm wounded, but I'm the only man on the ship who can do this job right.' I placed my finger against the gunner's jugular vein, applied pressure bandages, and injected morphine into him. Then I sprinkled the other man's wound with sulfa powder. We had no plasma aboard, so there wasn't much of anything else I could do. When I told the pilot that my head set had been blown off, the tail gunner thought he'd heard someone say that my head had been blown off, and he yelled that he wanted to jump. The pilot assured him that I was only wounded. Then I crawled back to the nose of the ship to handle my gun, fussing with my wounds when I could and making use of an emergency bottle of oxygen.

    The German fighters chased us for about forty-five minutes. They came so close that I could see the pilots' faces, and I fired so fast that my gun jammed. I went back to the left nose gun and fired that gun till it jammed. By that time we'd fallen behind the rest of the group, but the Germans were beginning to slack off. It was turning into a question of whether we could sneak home without having to bailout. The plane was pretty well shot up and the whole oxygen system had been cut to pieces. The pilot told us we had the choice of trying to get back to England, which would be next to impossible, or of flying to Switzerland and being interned, which would be fairly easy. He asked us what we wanted to do. I would have voted for Switzerland, but I was so busy handing out bottles of oxygen that before I had a chance to say anything the other men said, 'What the hell, let's try for England.' After a while, with the emergency oxygen running out, we had to come down to ten thousand feet, which is dangerously low. We saw four fighters dead ahead of us, somewhere over France, and we thought we were licked. After a minute or two we discovered that they were P-47s, more beautiful than any woman who ever lived. I said, 'I think now's the time for a short prayer, men. Thanks, God, for what you've done for us.'"

    Last Mission: "One more, one more, one more."

    The twenty-eighth [mission] was on Berlin, and I was scared damn near to death. It was getting close to the end and my luck was bound to be running out faster and faster. The raid wasn't too bad, though, and we got back safe. The twenty-ninth mission was to Thionville, in France, and all I thought about on that mission was 'One more, one more, one more.' My last mission was to Saarbriicken. One of the waist gunners was new, a young kid like the kid I'd been six months before. He wasn't a bit scared - just cocky and excited. Over Saarbriicken he was wounded in the foot by a shell, and I had to give him first aid. He acted more surprised than hurt. He had a look on his face like a child who's been cheated by grownups.

    That was only the beginning for him, but it was the end for me."

    The interview with Josepgh Hallock was originally published in the New Yorker Magazine on August 12, 1944, republished in The New Yorker Book of War Pieces (1947)Pitt, Barrie (ed.), The Military History of World War II (1986) Stokesbury, James L., A Short History of World War II (1980).

    17 December 1942 - History

    List by U.S. Army Air Force (USAAF) Serial Number
    B Model
    B-17B 38-215 attached to Cold Weather Testing Detachment at Ladd Field, Alaska during 1941-42
    B-17B 38-219 served in Panama, 6th AF converted to a RB-17B transport. Surveyed at Salinas, Ecuador on January 7, 1944
    B-17B 38-220 served in Panama, crashed Trinadad
    B-17B 38-221 served in Panama
    B-17B 38-222 served in Panama
    B-17B 38-263 served in Panama
    B-17B 38-264 pilot Price force landed March 18 1942 Guatemala City Airfield
    B-17B 38-265 served in Panama
    B-17B 38-266 served in Panama
    B-17B 39-4 served in Panama
    C Model
    B-17C 40-2045 pilot Kelly force landed December 10, 1941
    B-17C 40-2048 destroyed on the ground December 8, 1941
    B-17C 40-2049 pilot Richards force landed December 7, 1941
    B-17C 40-2053 (RAF AN522) crashed June 22, 1941 near Catterick Bridge
    B-17C 40-2054 pilot Cooper landed December 7, 1941
    B-17C 40-2062 pilot Cox crashed February 3, 1942
    B-17C 40-2063 pilot Dennis crashed May 29, 1943
    B-17C 40-2067 destroyed on the ground December 8, 1941
    B-17C "Pamela / Miss E.M.F." 40-2072 pilot Gidcumb crashed June 14, 1943
    B-17C 40-2074 destroyed December 7, 1941
    B-17C 40-2077 destroyed on the ground December 8, 1941
    D Model
    B-17D 40-3059 destroyed on the ground December 8, 1941
    B-17D 40-3061 destroyed on the ground February 28, 1942
    B-17D 40-3064 destroyed January 16, 1942
    B-17D 40-3067 pilot Teats crashed January 28, 1942
    B-17D 40-3068 destroyed on the ground December 8, 1941
    B-17D 40-3069 destroyed on the ground December 8, 1941
    B-17D 40-3073 pilot Adams crashed December 14, 1941
    B-17D 40-3075 destroyed on the ground December 8, 1941
    B-17D 40-3078 destroyed by strafing on the ground February 3, 1942 Malang Airfield
    B-17D 40-3079 pilot Skiles crashed March 14, 1942
    B-17D 40-3076 destroyed on the ground December 8, 1941
    B-17D 40-3088 destroyed on the ground December 8, 1941
    B-17D 40-3089 pilot Cherry ditched October 21, 1942
    B-17D 40-3094 destroyed on the ground December 8, 1941
    B-17D 40-3095 destroyed on the ground December 8, 1941 captured by Japanese and flown in Japan
    B-17D "Swoose" 40-3097 under restoration at the USAF Museum
    B-17D 40-3099 destroyed on the ground December 8, 1941
    E Model
    B-17E 41-2396 pilot Edmundson ditched January 7, 1943
    B-17E 41-2402 pilot Cooper ditched December 27,. 1941 crew rescued
    B-17E 41-2403 pilot Woodruff ditched January 27, 1943
    B-17E 41-2404 pilot Van Haur ditched September 12, 1942
    B-17E 41-2408 scrapped October 1944
    B-17E "Old Maid" 41-2409 crash landed November 25, 1942 and written off
    B-17E 41-2411 crashed January 21, 1943 Guatemala, crew survived
    B-17E 41-2412 served in Panama, returned to United States likely scrapped
    B-17E 41-2413 piloted Sesso ditched April 13, 1943
    B-17E "City of San Francisco" 41-2415 ultimate fate unknown likely scrapped
    B-17E "San Antonio Rose" 41-2416 written off at Brisbane January 31, 1944
    B-17E "Monkey Bizz-Ness" 41-2417 scrapped 1946
    B-17E 41-2418 destroyed on ground at Bandoeng Airfield
    B-17E 41-2419 pilot Hughes force landed January 22, 1942 captured by Japanese
    B-17E "Bessie The Jap Basher" 41-2420 pilot Norton ditched September 24, 1942
    B-17E 41-2421 pilot McPherson crashed July 16, 1942
    B-17E 41-2422 served in Panama
    B-17E 41-2424 served in Panama
    B-17E 41-2425 served in Panama
    B-17E 41-2426 scrapped December 31, 1945
    B-17E "Ole Sh'asta" 41-2428 pilot Harp MIA December 28, 1942
    B-17E "Why Don't We Do This More Often" 41-2429 pilot Pease crashed August 7, 1942
    B-17E "Naughty But Nice" 41-2430 pilot Sarsfield shot down June 26, 1943
    B-17E "The Last Straw" 41-2432 scrapped at Brisbane January 1945
    B-17E 41-2433 scrapped 1945
    B-17E 41-2434 pilot Hoevet crashed August 16, 1942
    B-17E 41-2435 pilot Watson crashed August 2, 1942
    B-17E 41-2437 written off June 15, 1944
    B-17E 41-2438 scrapped
    B-17E 41-2443 pilot Cox crashed April 5, 1942
    B-17E 41-2444 returned to the United States and scrapped
    B-17E 41-2445 written off December 9, 1942
    B-17E 41-2446 (aka 'The Swamp Ghost') pilot Eaton force landed February 23, 1942
    B-17E 41-2448 served in Panama, scrapped 1945
    B-17E 41-2449 destroyed March 3, 1942 at Broome Airfield
    B-17E 41-2450 served in Panama
    B-17E 41-2451 served in Panama
    B-17E 41-2452 pilot Hawthorne force landed August 9, 1942
    B-17E 41-2453 assigned to the 7th BG and 19th BG in Hawaii returned to USA and scrapped postwar
    B-17E 41-2454 destroyed March 3, 1942 at Broome Airfield
    B-17E 41-2455 destroyed February 20, 1942 at Singosari Airfield by Japanese air raid
    B-17E "Yankee Diddl'er" 41-2458 scapped January 1945
    B-17E 41-2459 damaged January 16, 1942 and written off and destroyed as the first B-17E lost in the Pacific
    B-17E 41-2460 pilot Bechtol damaged July 30, 1942 later salvaged
    B-17E "El Toro" 41-2461 destroyed on the ground April 25, 1942
    B-17E "'Tojo's Jinx / Billy" 41-2462 scapped 1945
    B-17E "Yankee Doodle" 41-2463 pilot Roddenberry crashed August 2, 1943
    B-17E "Queenie" 41-2464 pilot Piehl MIA July 8, 1944
    B-17E 41-2466 destroyed February 19, 1942 at Bandoeng Airfield by Japanese air raid
    B-17E 41-2467 scrapped
    B-17E 41-2468 force landed January 25, 1942 ultimate fate unknown
    B-17E 41-2469 pilot Swanson force landed February 3, 1942
    B-17E 41-2471 damaged February 8, 1942 destroyed by sabotage, captured by Japanese
    B-17E 41-2476 pilot Sparks crashed January 29, 1942, 9 missing
    B-17E 41-2478 destroyed February 20, 1942 at Singosari Airfield by Japanese air raid
    B-17E "Old Topper" 41-2481 crashed July 8, 1943
    B-17E 41-2484 destroyed February 20, 1942 at Singosari Airfield by Japanese air raid
    B-17E 41-2486 returned to United States during November 1942
    B-17E 41-2487 converted to a transport
    B-17E 41-2488 destroyed February 20, 1942 at Singosari Airfield by Japanese air raid
    B-17E "Suzy Q" 41-2489 stricken July 15, 1946
    B-17E 41-2493 destroyed February 19, 1942 parked at Bandoeng Airfield in Java
    B-17E "Tojo's Nightmare" 41-2497 pilot Compton crashed March 24, 1944
    B-17E 41-2498 destroyed February 20, 1942 at Singosari Airfield by Japanese air raid
    B-17E 41-2503 destroyed February 19, 1942 parked at Bandoeng Airfield in Java
    B-17E 41-2504 operated in Panama April 1942-July 1944
    B-17E 41-2505 pilot Fagen crashed April 25, 1942, 8 missing, remains recovered 1986-1987, identified 1990 resolved
    B-17E 41-2507 pilot Godman ditched March 12, 1942 into Illigan Bay off Mindanao
    B-17E "Jap Happy" 41-2520 scrapped on July 18, 1945
    B-17E "Goonie" 41-2523 pilot Unruh ditched March 20, 1943
    B-17E 41-2524 participated in the Battle of Midway
    B-17E "Madame X" 41-2525 pilot Snoddy MIA June 10, 1943
    B-17E "City of San Francisco" 41-2529 pilot Kramer ditched June 5, 1942, 1 missing
    B-17E 41-2536 pilot Frost MIA November 22, 1942
    B-17E 41-2544 served in Panama
    B-17E 41-2569 served in Panama
    B-17E 41-2586 pilot McWilliams crashed January 21, 1943
    B-17E "Bataan" 41-2593 scrapped
    B-17E 41-2594 scrapped
    B-17E "Tugboat Annie" 41-2599 pilot Lean ditched Janary 16, 1943
    B-17E 41-2600 scrapped December 17, 1945
    B-17E 41-2604 pilot Birleffi crashed July 8, 1942
    B-17E "Loose Goose" 41-2609 Flown back to USA, scrapped
    B-17E "Blue Goose" 41-2616 pilot Waskowitz crashed September 29, 1942
    B-17E 41-2617 pilot Hillhouse crashed August 7, 1942
    B-17E "The Daylight Ltd" 41-2621 pilot Casper crashed August 26, 1942
    B-17E "R.F.D. Tojo" 41-2627 pilot Hutchison crashed December 26, 1943
    B-17E 41-2630 scrapped September 10, 1945
    B-17E 41-2631 crash landed May 7, 1942
    B-17E "Crock O' Crap" 41-2632 scrapped
    B-17E "Sally" 41-2633 scrapped May 1945
    B-17E "Red Moose Express" 41-2634 pilot Brenneman shot down August 3, 1943
    B-17E 41-2635 pilot Hancock crashed November 1, 1942
    B-17E 41-2636 pilot Holdridge crashed July 13, 1942
    B-17E "Ready Betty - Gone Forever" 41-2637 Returned to USA in November 1943
    B-17E 41-2639 written off January 19, 1943
    B-17E "Tojo's Physic" 41-2640 pilot Carey O'Brien crashed July 30, 1942
    B-17E 41-2643 pilot Grundman crashed August 9, 1942
    B-17E "Miss Carriage" 41-2645 pilot Crowell MIA December 1, 1942 search mission
    B-17E 41-2648 participated in the Battle of Midway
    B-17E 41-2649 force landed August 23, 1945
    B-17E 41-2650 pilot Burcky crashed September 17, 1942
    B-17E 41-2652 pilot Habberstad crashed May 7, 1942
    B-17E "Craps For The Japs" 41-2653 pilot LaPorte MIA September 2, 1943
    B-17E 41-2655 pilot Lindsay crash July 13, 1942
    B-17E "Chief Seattle" 41-2656 pilot Cook MIA August 14, 1942
    B-17E "Old Faithful" 41-2657 scrapped June 21, 1945
    B-17E "Frank Buck" 41-2659 scrapped July 27, 1943
    B-17E "Muffins" 41-2660 scrapped
    B-17E "Spawn of Hell" 41-2662 scrapped postwar
    B-17E 41-2663 pilot Erb shot down by AA fire September 12, 1942 south of Buna
    B-17E "The Jersey Skeeter" 41-2664 pilot Pickard crashed June 14, 1943
    B-17E "Lucy" 41-2666 scrapped
    B-17E "Texas Tornado" 41-2667 pilot Cobb June 9, 1942
    B-17E 41-2669 scrapped
    B-17E 41-9011 pilot Geddes crashed May 21, 1943
    B-17E 41-9012 pilot ? crashed November 5, 1942
    B-17E 41-9014 pilot Smith crashed July 1, 1942
    B-17E 41-9015 scrapped 1943
    B-17E "My Gal Sal" 41-9032 force landed June 27, 1942
    B-17E 41-9036 served in Panama
    B-17E 41-9037 served in Panama
    B-17E 41-9038 served in Panama
    B-17E 41-9039 served in Panama
    B-17E 41-9039 served in Panama crashed January 6, 1943 Guatemala to Galapogos, two KIA reference Alae page 191
    B-17E 41-9040 served in Panama
    B-17E 41-9041 served in Panama
    B-17E "Boomerang" 41-9059 scrapped
    B-17E "Zero Six Zero" 41-9060 destroyed March 23, 1943 by Japanese bombing
    B-17E "Stingaree" 41-9071 pilot Richards MIA September 8, 1942
    B-17E 41-9080 served in Alaska
    B-17E 41-9084 pilot Mansfield MIA June 4, 1942
    B-17E 41-9118 pilot Everitt crashed October 4, 1942
    B-17E "Eager Beavers" 41-9122 pilot Houx crashed February 1, 1943
    B-17E "Buzz King" 41-9124 destroyed March 23, 1943 on the ground at Henderson Field
    B-17E 41-9126 MIA August 28, 1942
    B-17E "De-Icer" 41-9128 pilot Stubblefield shot down July 27, 1943
    B-17E 41-9145 written off October 31, 1944
    B-17E 41-9151 pilot Hall crashed February 1, 1943
    B-17E "Tokyo Taxi" 41-9153 pilot Eckles MIA July 19, 1943
    B-17E "Uncle Bill" 41-9156 written off June 1944 / June 1945
    B-17E 41-9180 scrapped
    B-17E "Gypsy Rose" 41-9193 pilot Dau May 24, 1943
    B-17E 41-9194 pilot Freeman crashed December 2, 1942
    B-17E 41-9196 pilot Hageman MIA October 6, 1942
    B-17E 41-9206 pilot Newton ditched September 24, 1942
    B-17E "Flagship Texas No. VI / Strip-Straffer" 41-9207 pilot Naumann crashed June 1, 1943
    B-17E "Blues In The Nite" 41-9209 pilot McCullar crashed April 12, 1943
    B-17E 41-9210 under restoraton at Flying Heritage Collection (FHC)
    B-17E "Typhoon McGoon II" 41-9211 returned to United States, scrapped
    B-17E 41-9212 pilot Porter MIA June 5, 1942
    B-17E "Los Lobos/Road Home/Rover Boy" 41-9213 condemned August 1944
    B-17E "California / Gallopin' Gus" 41-9215 written off June 15, 1944
    B-17E "Alley Oop" 41-9216 written off June 1944
    B-17E "Fiji Foo" 41-9217 pilot ? crashed October 27, 1943
    B-17E 41-9218 pilot McDonald crashed August 4, 1942
    B-17E 41-9220 pilot Pharr MIA August 7, 1942, 10 missing
    B-17E "Kai-O-Keleiwa" 41-9224 pilot Loder MIA August 7, 1942
    B-17E "Yankee Doodle Jr." 41-9227 pilot ? crashed December 31, 1942
    B-17E 41-9234 pilot Dau force landed January 8, 1943
    B-17E "Clown House" 41-9235 pilot Lindbergh ditched October 29, 1942
    B-17E "Honi Kuu Okole" 41-9244 pilot Williams crashed May 21, 1943
    B-17E "Li'l Neil" 41-9222 scrapped in the United States
    F Model
    B-17F "Cap'n & The Kids / Miss Em" 41-24353 Scrapped April 1946
    B-17F 41-24354 pilot Webb MIA August 26, 1942
    B-17F "Dinah Might ?" 41-24355 damaged September 16, 1943 written off
    B-17F "Ka-Puhio-Wela" 41-24356 pilot Moore Shot down March 3, 1943
    B-17F "Mama Maxie / The Super Chief" 41-24357 scrapped 1945
    B-17F "Lulu Belle" 41-24358 scapped 1945
    B-17F "Panama Hattie / Well Goddam" 41-24381 scrapped July 1948
    B-17F 41-24383 pilot Christopher MIA January 7, 1943
    B-17F "Pluto" 41-24384 pilot Ramey MIA March 26, 1943
    B-17F "Hoomalimali" 41-24391 pilot Henson crash September 14, 1942
    B-17F "Lak-A-Nookie" 41-24401 scrapped November 1945
    B-17F "The Old Man / Biltz Buggy" 41-24403 scrapped 1948
    B-17F 41-24420 scrapped 1946
    B-17F "Hell From Heaven Men" 41-24424 pilot McMullan ditched March 15, 1943
    B-17F 41-24425 pilot McArthur crashed April 17, 1943
    B-17F 41-24427 pilot Williams MIA September 15, 1942
    B-17F "Miss Carriage" 41-24428 pilot Humrichouse crashed September 6, 1943
    B-17F "Dumbo" 41-24429 pilot Anderson December 4, 1942
    B-17F 41-24430 scrapped or otherwise disappeared in New Zealand
    B-17F "Taxpayer's Pride" 41-24448 pilot McEachran crashed June 26, 1943
    B-17F "My Lovin' Dove" 41-24450 pilot Classen ditched February 9, 1943
    B-17F "Georgia Peach" 41-24454 pilot Woodard crashed June 13, 1943
    B-17F "Old Baldy" 41-24455 Returned to USA, scrapped September 1944
    B-17F "Aztec's Curse" 41-24457 pilot Rockwell crashed April 23, 1943
    B-17F "San Antonio Rose" 41-24458 pilot Lindberg MIA January 5, 1943
    B-17F "Reckless Mountain Boys" 41-24518 pilot Heichel ditched May 7, 1943
    B-17F "Fightin Swede" 41-24520 pilot Keatts MIA May 8, 1943
    B-17F "Black Jack / The Joker's Wild" 41-24521 pilot De Loach ditched July 11, 1943
    B-17F 41-24522 destroyed on the ground November 16, 1942
    B-17F 41-24528 damaged October 13-14, 1942 by bombardment at Henderson Field on Guadalcanal
    B-17F 41-24531 pilot Sewart ditched November 18, 1942
    B-17F "Omar Khayyam / The Plastered Bastard" 41-24534 pilot Jacobs crashed December 1, 1942
    B-17F "Talisman / USASOS War-Horse" 41-24537 scraped September 1945
    B-17F 41-24538 pilot Jack ditched January 5, 1943
    B-17F 41-24540 destroyed January 17, 1943
    B-17F "I Dood It / Pluto" 41-24543 pilot Barnett crashed June 30, 1943
    B-17F "Harry the Horse" 41-24548 pilot Kennedy crashed May 4, 1944
    B-17F 41-24550 pilot Hocutt ditched December 14, 1942
    B-17F "Fire Ball Mail" 41-24551 destroyed January 17, 1943
    B-17F "Listen Here Tojo" 41-24552 pilot Eberly crashed September 15, 1943
    B-17F "The Mustang" 41-24554 scrapped June 1945
    B-17F "Tuffy" 41-24574 scrapped August 1945
    B-17F 42-5367 crashed February 11, 1943
    B-17F 42-30326 pilot Lee crashed August 2, 1943
    B-17F 42-30488 pilot Ticksman crashed July 24, 1943
    B-17F 42-30681 crashed April 27, 1943 recoverd 1986, in storage
    G Model
    B-17G 44-83554 converted to VIP transport, written off 1947 or used as drone
    B-17G 44-83563 displayed Lyon Air Museum painted as "Fuddy Duddy" 42-97400
    B-17G 44-83575 owned by Collins Foundation painted as "Nine-O-Nine" 42-31909
    B-17G 44-83581 pilot Hannigan crashed September 1, 1945
    B-17G 44-83724 converted to SB-17 damaged December 1948 landing on Greenland during rescue attempt
    B-17G 44-83784 converted to an SB-17 with a Higgins A-1 lifeboat served in the USAF possibly in Alaska ultimate fate unknown
    B-17G 42-38882 converted to a B-17H, pilot Motsinger crashed July 25, 1945
    B-17G "Bulgin Bessie" 43-39265 converted to B-17H, assigned to the 4th ERS
    B-17G 43-39274 converted to SB-17G operated from Yontan Airfield on Okinawa
    B-17G 43-39367 in November 1956 to Lloyd Aero Boliviano as CP-625. On November 17, 1959 written off at San Lorenzo, Bolivia
    B-17G 43-39499 converted to SB-17G. Damaged in taxiing accident at Clark AB, Philippines Jul 29, 1945
    B-17G "Julie Mae" 43-39502 converted to a B-17H assigned to the 2nd Emergency Rescue Squadron "Snafu Snatchers"
    B-17G 43-39503 converted to a B-17H assigned to the 2nd Emergency Rescue Squadron "Snafu Snatchers"
    B-17G 44-85702 operated in Panama
    B-17G 44-85740 operated by EAA (EAA) as "Aluminum Overcast".
    B-17G 44-85790 displayed on pylons at The Bomber Restaurant Milwaukie, Oregon
    H Model
    B-17H (SB-17G) Air-Sea Rescue with Higgins A-1 lifeboat
    B-17H "Miss Paula" assigned to the 2nd ERS
    B-17H 42-38882 pilot Motsinger crashed July 25, 1945
    B-17H "Bulgin Bessie" 43-39265 assigned to the 4th ERS
    B-17H 43-39274 converted to SB-17G operated from Yontan Airfield on Okinawa
    B-17H "Julie Mae" 43-39502 assigned to the 2nd ERS
    B-17H 43-39503 assigned to the 2nd ERS
    B-17H 43-39262 scrapped January 23, 1946
    B-17H 43-39266 assigned to the 5th RG, 6th ERS

    Other B-17s
    B-17 crashed Koumac crashed off New Caledonia
    B-17E pilot Parsel crashed April 2, 1942 during take off from Asansol Airfield in India
    B-17E "Typhoon McGoon" lost September 12, 1942

    17 December 1942 - History

    During World War II, the 5th Bombardment Group (Heavy) "Bomber Barons" (5th BG) operated the B-24 Liberator in the South Pacific (SOPAC) comprised of Headquarters Squadron (HQ), 23rd Bombardment Squadron (23rd BS), 31st Bombardment Squadron (31st BS), 72nd Bombardment Squadron (72nd BS) and 394th Bombardment Squadron (394th BS). Nicknamed "Bomber Barons" the motif was a skull with wings with "Kiai O Kalewa" (Hawaiian for "Guardians of the Upper Realm").

    Commanding Officers (C. O.)
    Lt. Col. Edwin B. Bobzien (April 1941–January 1942)
    Col. A. W. Meehan (January 1942–October 1942)
    Lt. Colonel B. E. Allen (November 1942–August 1943)
    Lt. Colonel Marion D. Unruh (August 1943–December 30, 1943)
    Lt. Col J. C. Reddoch, Jr. (December 30, 1943–August 1944)
    Col. T. C. Musgrave (August 1944–February 1945)
    Lt. Col. A. W. James (February 1945–March 1945)
    Lt. Col. I. J. Haviland (March 1945–July 1945)
    Lt. Col. A. W. James (July 1945–January 1947)

    Wartime History
    The 5th Bombardment Group operated in the Pacific during World War II. At the start of the Pacific War, assigned to the 7th Air Force (7th AF). In 1943 assigned to the 13th Air Force (13th AF) and later the Far East Air Force (FEAF) until the end of the war.

    Headquarters Squadron (HQ)
    During 1941, the 31st BS was part of the 7th Air Force and based at Hickam Field. During 1942, assigned to Mokuleia Field. On December 1, 1942 arrives at Bomber 1 on Espiritu Santo.

    On December 30, 1943 lost is B-24D "Pretty Prairie Special" 41-24186 piloted by Lt. Colonel Marion D. Unruh. Nine of the crew are captured and become Prisoners Of War (POW). Only Unruh survived captivity until the Pacific War.

    31st Bombardment Squadron (31st BS)
    During 1941, the 31st BS was part of the 7th Air Force and based at Hickam Field operating B-18 Bolo and B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers. On December 7, 1941 during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and Oahu, the squadron suffered four Killed In Action (KIA) and nine Wounded In Action (WIA).

    On May 23, 1942 the 31st BS transfered to Kipapa Field.

    On November 30, 1942 arrived at Bomber 1 on Espiritu Santo and began flying combat missions in the South Pacific. On January 17, 1943 arrives at Henderson Field on Guadalcanal and later Carney Field. By early 1943, the squadron began flying only B-24 Liberators. On February 2, 1944 transfered to Munda Airfield on New Georgia Island.

    On August 12, 1943 nine B-24s from the 31st BS plus sixteen B-24's from the 307th BG escorted by eight P-40s of the 44th FS and 22 F4Us from VMF-124 flew a bombing mission over Kahili (Buin) on Bougainville. The bombers drop 520 x 100lbs bombs on the runway and revetment areas and claim twenty aircraft destroyed on the ground. Returning, the formation is attacked by roughly 30 A6M Zeros over Ballale.

    On March 13, 1944 the squadron returns to Carney Field on Guadalcanal. On April 21, 1944 transfered to Momote Airfield on Los Negros Island. On August 20, 1944 to Wakde Airfield on Wakde Island. Operated from Pitu Airfield on Morotai Island. On March 17, 1945 transfered to Guiuan Airfield on Samar Island in the eastern Visayas Islands of the Philippines until the end of the Pacific War.

    72nd Bombardment Squadron (72nd BS)
    The 72nd Bombardment Squadron (Heavy). At the start of the Pacific War, operates the B-18 Bolo. On May 17, 1942 converts to the B-17 Flying Fortress. On June 4, 1942 during the Battle of Midway, 72nd BS B-17s flew from Hickam Field to Midway Airfield and flew bombing missions against the Japanese Fleet. Afterwards, flown across the Pacific to Espiritu Santo.

    On October 4, 1942 begins operating from Henderson Field on Guadalcanal. That same day, B-17E Flying Fortress 41-9118 piloted by piloted by David C. Everitt took off on a mission against Buka Airfield but could not find the target and encountered bad weather. Returning, spotted six warships and was deliberately rammed from below by a F1M2 Pete pilot Kiyomi. The right wing of the F1M2 Pete impacted this B-17's right wing, tearing off the wing tip damaging the vertical stabilizer and immediately caused the B-17 to descend in a spiral before then crashed into the sea.

    On October 10, 1943 lost was B-24D "My Baby Bubb" 42-40210 crashed into the sea northwest of Choiseul.

    On March 5, 1944 the squadron flew a bombing mission against Tobera Airfield near Rabaul. Lost was B-24D Liberator 42-73469 pilot Captain Lewis W. Haire after the bomb run, hit by anti-aircraft fire with seven crew Missing In Action (MIA). Only SSgt Escoe E. Palmer managed to bail out and became a Prisoner Of War (POW) and survived captivity at Rabaul until liberated at the end of the Pacific War.

    On October 24, 1944 lost is B-24J 44-40947 (MIA) on an armed search for enemy shipping off Borneo.

    394th Bombardment Squadron (394th BS)
    Briefly designated as the 4th Reconnaissance Squadron (4th Recon Squadron). Three of the better 19th Bombardment Group B-17E Flying Fortresses were assigned to the 13th Air Force (13th AF), 5th Bombardment Group (5th BG), 394th Bombardment Squadron (394th BS) including B-17E "Calamity Jane" 41-2440, B-17E 41-2632 and B-17E 41-2658.

    During 1942-1943 one of the squadron's pilots was Lt. Eugene "Gene" Roddenberry who later created "Star Trek".

    Battle of the Bulge - WW2 Timeline (December 16th, 1944 - January 25th, 1945)

    By the end of 1944, the Allied advance across Europe was such that the front was held in check at its ends by two large armies - the Canadians and English to the North and the Americans and General Patton to the south. While the Canadian and English forces succeeded in taking the critical port-city of Antwerp from the Germans, the Americans shored up the battle lines and were now targeting the ever-important Rhone River with German territory just beyond. In between the two concentrated forces lay a thin line of some 80,000 Allied troops.

    The reason for this thin grouping of support was largely explained by its location, this in the thick of the seemingly impenetrable Ardennes Forest. It was a long-held belief that the area was ill-suited for any sort of open warfare and the Allies utilized this feeling and the surrounding terrain to concentrate critical forces to the fighting elsewhere along the Front.

    However, Hitler had developed other plans when constructing his Ardennes Offensive. The ultimate goal was to reach the post city of Antwerp and disrupt the Allied front and their much-needed supply lines along the way. The hope was to split the Canadian, British and American forces from one another and their logistical means to stay alive, thusly providing Germany with the element of surprise and a foothold to mounting a future assault to drive the enemy back. The selection of enacting the assault during the European Winter would only add to the element of surprise.

    The surprise was unveiled on December 16th, 1944 when the German Army opened up in one of their largest displays of artillery bombardment ever. Mechanized forces of the German 5th and 15th Panzer armies, as well as the 6th SS and 7th Army, attacked the US VIII forces in a line between Aachen and Bastogne. The German surprise held up well and the Allies reeled at the advance. However, some contingents such as the US 2nd Division at Elsenborn and 99th Division at Malmedy held their ground. The last German blitzkrieg was underway as a grand total of 200,000 German personnel were mustered into a singular fighting force, encompassing both battle-hardened troops such as those of the Waffen-SS and non-combatants from across the German territories.

    Part of the German advance was led by the cold and calculating Colonel Joachim Peiper who saw it fit to order his troops to execute any prisoners they take. Some 100 Americans alone were shot where they stood at Malmedy, this under the direct order of Peiper himself. While this soothed his embittered German troops to an extent, it only served to rile the Americans who, having received word of the atrocities, now produced an unparalleled fighting spirit when facing the Germans.

    Both forces inevitably butted heads at the small town of Bastogne. The Germans were held in place by Allied tank destroyers and determination while the Americans dug in for weeks of intense fighting utilizing whatever cover and supplies were made available. American General Omar Bradley ultimately recognized Bastogne to be the battlefield of choice by the Germans and committed elements of General Courtney Hodges' 1st Army and General Patton's 4th Armored Division to the town in an effort head off any further German advance. Allied reserves were called into play and the fabled 101st Airborne ("The Battered Bastards of the 101") was airdropped into Bastogne to aid in its defense - and make military history in the process. The 82nd Airborne took the task at St Vith.

    The Allied lines were fractured and independent defenses soon sprung about. Poor weather cover ensured that the Allied would not be counting on air support for the time being. Being that the Germans had lost air superiority by this time, the playing field was more or less leveled. Instead, Allied artillery hammered at the flanks of the German advance where possible and the German thrust was eventually held before reaching Dinant, some 60 miles from the Ardennes Offensive starting point. After holding onto Bastogne for a full week while being encircled by the German Army, the 101st repelled the final german thrust. The very next day, Patton's armor arrived to ensure the town was firmly in Allied hands. In true airborne style, the 101st never admitted to needing any such help from Patton's armored forces.

    British General Montgomery's 29th Armored Brigade met up with the American 2nd Armored Division to hold the point of deepest German penetration in check. The Battle of the Bulge - the last major German offensive - was stopped. By mid-February of 1945, all gains by the German Army were undone and the war would be over by the end of April with Hitler dead by his own hand.

    The Ardennes Offensive would cost Germany some 88,000 of her soldiers while American paid the hefty toll of losing 77,000 of their own.

    There are a total of (25) Battle of the Bulge - WW2 Timeline (December 16th, 1944 - January 25th, 1945) events in the Second World War timeline database. Entries are listed below by date-of-occurrence ascending (first-to-last). Other leading and trailing events may also be included for perspective.

    Saturday, December 16th, 1944

    The German Army launch their Ardennes offensive against elements of the American US VIII located between Aachen and Bastogne.

    Saturday, December 16th, 1944

    Initial progress on the assault is good for the Germans, however, the US 2nd and 99th Divisions hold fast at Elsenborn and Malmedy.

    Saturday, December 16th, 1944

    Bad weather soon sets in over the Ardennes region, limiting Allied air support to counter the German advances.

    Sunday, December 17th, 1944

    Allied prisoners of war are executed in cold blood by elements of the 6th SS Panzer Army. Some 87 prisoners are killed where they stand on direct orders from German Colonel Joachim Peiper.

    Sunday, December 17th, 1944

    The town of Stavelot is lost to the invading German Army.

    Tuesday, December 19th, 1944

    By this date, two components making up the US 106th Division at the Schnee Eiffel region are surrounded by the Germans.

    Tuesday, December 19th, 1944

    Some 6,000 Allied troops surrender to the encircling German Army at Schnee Eiffel.

    Tuesday, December 19th, 1944

    Along the Ardennes line, US forces reform into intense defensive lines and some forces eventually mount counter attacks against the invading Germans.

    Tuesday, December 19th, 1944

    The town of Stavelot is recaptured by the Allies.

    Tuesday, December 19th, 1944

    Allied generals agree to commit elements of the Saar Front against the southern flanks of the German advance, this in the area between Bastogne and Echternach.

    Wednesday, December 20th, 1944

    By this date, the 101st Airborne Division at Bastogne is completely encircled by the German XLVII Panzer Corps.

    Wednesday, December 20th, 1944

    The US 10th and 19th Armored Divisions are completely encircled by the German advance.

    Wednesday, December 20th, 1944

    British General Montgomery is charged with heading up the progress along the north line of defense while American General Bradley is given command of the south.

    Friday, December 22nd, 1944

    As the German advance continues, supply lines are stretched to the limit and flanks become over exposed prompting German General Rundstedt to ask Hitler to halt the advance - Hitler refuses.

    Saturday, December 23rd, 1944

    The foul weather over the Ardennes begins to clear.

    Saturday, December 23rd, 1944

    2,000 Allied air sorties are launched in improving skies against the Germans on the ground.

    Saturday, December 23rd, 1944

    Supplies are dropped from Allied transport planes to the beleagured forces held up at Bastogne.

    Saturday, December 23rd, 1944

    Allied ground attack fighters target and destroy German ground vehicles and troop concentrations. Without air support of their own, there is little that the Germans can do in response.

    Monday, December 25th, 1944

    After achieving 60 miles of territory - the farthest march of the German Ardennes Offensive - the 2nd Panzer Division under Lieutenant-General von Lauchert is stopped by a combined force of British and American armor made up of the British 29th Armored Brigade and the American 2nd Armored Division.

    Monday, December 25th, 1944

    German losses on Christmas Day include 3,500 infantrymen and 400 vehicles, 81 of these being tanks.

    Tuesday, December 26th, 1944

    The American 4th Armored Division makes its way to the beleagured 101st Airborne forces at Bastogne and the situation at the village is stabilized.

    Thursday, December 28th, 1944

    Hitler orders a halt to the advance - but no retreat - leaving his exposed and tired units at the mercy of the replenished Allied forces across the Ardennes Front.

    Weeks of fighting see German forces destroyed, taken prisoner or sent packing as the Allies regroup and respond.

    Wednesday, February 7th, 1945

    By this date, all of the German gains of the Ardennes Offensive have been erased.

    Wednesday, February 7th, 1945

    The German loss of life is a staggering 82,000 men, matched only by the 77,000 casualties suffered by the American Army.

    Watch the video: Сериал про войну 1942. Все серии 2012 Русские сериалы


  1. Tojam

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  2. Zulkinris

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  3. Esquevelle

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  4. Gajin

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