Zama 202 BC - Scipio crushes Hannibal in North Africa, Mir Bahmanyar

Zama 202 BC - Scipio crushes Hannibal in North Africa, Mir Bahmanyar

Zama 202 BC - Scipio crushes Hannibal in North Africa, Mir Bahmanyar

Zama 202 BC - Scipio crushes Hannibal in North Africa, Mir Bahmanyar

Campaign 299

The battle of Zama was the final major battle of the Second Punic War, and saw a Roman army under Publius Cornelius Scipio defeat Hannibal in North Africa, forcing Carthage to accept Roman peace terms that effectively doomed her. This entry in the campaign series looks at the entire Roman invasion, the battles that forced Carthage to recall Hannibal from Italy, the two armies, the battle itself and its aftermath.

Surprisingly Zama turns out to be an unusually difficult battle to study, with different sources producing very different accounts of the two armies, the events of the battle and its aftermath. Even the location isn't at all clear. The author does a good job of producing a coherent narrative for the battle, but doesn't hide the difficulties, allowing the reader to make their own judgement. There is also an interesting section on the various possible locations for the battle, attempting to match up the historical descriptions with the geography in the area. The section on the opposing commanders also brings in the two major African allies of Carthage and Rome - Syphax and Masinissa, and the book gives full credit to both for their role in the campaign, and to Masinissa for his role in the eventual Roman victory.

The impression one gets is that Rome was simply more secure in Italy than Carthage was in Africa. Scipio overthrew Carthage after a single campaign and a handful of victories, whereas Hannibal failed to do the same at Rome despite fifteen years of campaigns in Italy and a series of devastating victories. The Roman refusal to consider negotiations also clearly played a role - in contrast Hannibal was willing to agree to Rome's terms and to try and convince his fellow Carthaginians to do the same.

Chapters
Origins of the Campaign
Chronology
Opposing Commanders
Opposing Plans
Opposing Forces
The Battle of Zama
Aftermath

Author: Mir Bahmanyar
Edition: Paperback
Pages: 96
Publisher: Osprey
Year: 2016



Zama 202 BC - Scipio crushes Hannibal in North Africa, Mir Bahmanyar - History

The battle of Zama, fought across North Africa around 202 BC, was the final large-scale clash of arms between the world's two greatest western powers of the time - Carthage and Rome. The engagement ended the Second Punic War, waged from 218 until 201 BC. The armies were led by two of the most famous commanders of all time - the legendary Carthaginian general Hannibal, renowned for crossing the Alps with his army into Italy, and the Roman general Publius Cornelius Scipio, who along with his father was among the defeated at the battle of Cannae in 216 BC.

Drawing upon years of research, author Mir Bahmanyar gives a detailed account of this closing battle, analysing the tactics employed by each general and the forces they had at their disposal. Stunning, specially commissioned artwork brings to life the epic clash that saw Hannibal defeated and Rome claim its spot as the principal Mediterranean power.

Mir Bahmanyar was born in Iran, educated in Germany and received his BA in History from the University of California at Berkeley. Mir served in the US Army's 75th Ranger Regiment and has written several books on their history. Mir is also a feature film producer and screenwriter. In 2006 he produced and co-wrote the multi-award winning film Soldier of God. He currently resides in Los Angeles. Peter Dennis was born in 1950. Inspired by contemporary magazines such as Look and Learn he studied illustration at Liverpool Art College. Peter has since contributed to hundreds of books, predominantly on historical subjects, including many Osprey titles. A keen wargamer and modelmaker, he is based in Nottinghamshire, UK.