At the start of the year History through the imagepublish a special issue on the French Revolutione grouping more than one hundred studies. From the Estates General to the fall of Robespierre, from the great figures of the Revolution to the revolutionary days, from the role of women to that of the press, this special issue intends to give a presentation of this historical period through the analysis of works and of archival documents.
Opening session of the Estates General, May 5, 1789. Jean-Michel MOREAU. 178
The Estates General and the Jeu de Paume Oath
On May 5, 1789, the Estates General opened, bringing together the orders of the clergy, the nobility and the Third Estate.
Storming of the Bastille and arrest of Governor M. de Launay, July 14, 1789 © Photo RMN
July 14, 1789 - The storming of the Bastille
On July 14, 1789, the storming of the Bastille marked the first revolutionary day of popular uprising and immediately symbolized the end of the Ancien Régime.
Truth brings Republic and Abundance. Nicolas de COURTEILLE. 1793
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, adopted on August 26, 1789, lays the foundations on which to build new institutions.
The Capture of the Tuileries Palace, August 10, 1792 © RMN - G. Blot / J. Schormans
The second revolution
On August 10, 1792 began one of the most emblematic days of the French Revolution: the capture of the Tuileries Palace, followed by the imprisonment of Louis XVI and his family in the Temple.
Massacre at the Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés, September 2, 1792 © Photo RMN - T. Le Mage
The establishment of a new social order is accompanied by violence which manifested itself from the beginning of the revolution ...
Interior of a revolutionary committee under the Terror © Historic Center of the National Archives - Photography workshop
From September 1793 until the fall of Robespierre on 9 Thermidor, in a climate of civil war and border war, an exceptional regime, the Terror, was established.
The rout of Cholet, October 1793 © Museum of the French Revolution, Vizille, Photo RMN - M. Bellot
Insurrections and the Vendée War
The mass levy decreed in February 1793 aroused a certain hostility in the countryside ...
The Paris National Guard leaves for the army © Photo RMN
France at war
On April 20, 1792, the Legislative Assembly declared war on the "King of Bohemia and Hungary"
The abolition of slavery by the Convention, 16 Pluviôse Year II / 4 February 1794 © Photo RMN - Bulloz
Revolution and slavery
In the French colonies, mainly located in the West Indies, slave planters try to prevent the spread of revolutionary ideals
Lucille Desmoulins, Horace, Camille Desmoulins © Photo Rmn
Some great figures of the Revolution
Portraits of political figures who marked the French Revolution.
Manon Philipon, known as Madame Roland. © Photo RMN - All rights reserved
Women and the Revolution
Citizens of the suburbs or salons, orators or rioters, scholars or knitters, women played a major role during the Revolution.
Return from Varennes. Arrival of Louis Seize in Paris © Historic Center of the National Archives - Photography workshop
Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette
The last years of the reign of Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette were marked by the French Revolution and the end of the absolute monarchy of divine right.
Popular society session © Photo National Library of France
During the Revolution, many political societies were formed.
Assignat of fifty books © Historic Center of the National Archives - Photography workshop
Faced with the disastrous financial situation in France, the Assembly creates paper money with the assignats, then multiplies their issues, which leads to high inflation.
Camus, Talleyrand, Rabaut-Saint-Etienne, Religion © Photo National Library of France
Revolution and Religion
Passed on July 12, 1790, the law on the Civil Constitution of the Clergy aims to fundamentally reorganize the Church, but this decree arouses strong opposition.
Press event, detail of the National Almanac for 1791 © Historic Center of the National Archives - Photography workshop
The press during the Revolution
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen established freedom of expression.
Figurative frame of the territory of France divided into equal divisions © Center historique des Archives nationales - Atelier de photographie
With the institutional changes, France is reorganized into departments divided into districts, cantons and communes.