Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau herbalist.

    MEYER Georges-Frédéric (1735 - 1779)

  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778).

    DE LA TOUR Quentin (1704 - 1788)

  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 - 1778).

    RAMSAY Allan (1713 - 1784)

Jean-Jacques Rousseau herbalist.

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais - Bulloz

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Title: Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778).

Author : DE LA TOUR Quentin (1704 - 1788)

Date shown:

Dimensions: Height 45 - Width 34

Technique and other indications: Oil on canvas

Storage place: Antoine Lécuyer Museum website

Contact copyright: © Photo RMN-Grand Palais - G. Blot

Picture reference: 97-010786 / LT5

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778).

© Photo RMN-Grand Palais - G. Blot

To close

Title: Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 - 1778).

Author : RAMSAY Allan (1713 - 1784)

Creation date : 1766

Date shown:

Dimensions: Height 74.9 - Width 64.8

Technique and other indications: Oil on canvas

Storage place: National Galleries of Scotland website

Contact copyright: © National Galleries of Scotland, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Scottish National Gallery Photographic Department

Picture reference: 12-555938 / NG820; 5337

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 - 1778).

© National Galleries of Scotland, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Scottish National Gallery Photographic Department

Publication date: January 2013

Historical context

Ermenonville, the calm after the storm

At the end of May 1778, at the invitation of the Marquis de Girardin, Rousseau and his wife Thérèse left their modest apartment in the rue Plâtrière in Paris for the Ermenonville estate, ten leagues north of the capital, fitted out to Jean's taste. Jacques. The park, between nature and architectural decor, is inspired by the work of Rousseau: lake, mothers table, altar of reverie, Julie's bench ... Everything refers to the works of Jean-Jacques, and everything invites you to take a walk , to the simple joys of music lessons given to the children of the Marquis.

A previous drawing by the Alsatian George-Fréféric Meyer, or Mayer, dating from 1778, shows him with a stick and a bouquet, holding a little boy by the hand, in the company of the Girardin couple. Both the Parliament and the Archbishop of Paris had condemned the work, pushing its author into a double exile in Geneva and then in London.

Image Analysis

Ermenonville, the calm after the storm

At the end of May 1778, at the invitation of the Marquis de Girardin, Rousseau and his wife Thérèse left their modest apartment in the rue Plâtrière in Paris for the Ermenonville estate, ten leagues north of the capital, fitted out to Jean's taste. Jacques. Both the Parliament and the Archbishop of Paris had condemned the work, pushing its author into a double exile in Geneva and then in London.

Interpretation

"Here lies the man of nature and of truth"

Until the end of the XVIIIe century, one does not dissociate the judgment on the work from the judgment on the model. From then on, making a portrait comes down to identifying a personality, a temperament, a moment. However, Rousseau succumbs to an apoplexy on July 2, 1778, and Mayer follows him closely, since he died in 1779. The drawing which serves as a support for the print was therefore produced in a very short time, according to all logic after the death of the philosopher. The painting, for its part, probably dates from the following years. The peaceful atmosphere of the image therefore conveys the implicit of an imminent and welcome death in this natural Eden, the precursor of romantic landscapes.

The image evokes the last works of Rousseau, between Reveries and Confessions. As if to complete the cycle of a life, the bouquet of periwinkles brings back the fleeting happiness of this floral discovery with Mme de Warens at Charmettes, of its rediscovery with M. de Peyrou at Cressier, described with tender nostalgia in the Confessions published in 1782. Thus the amateur botanist seems to address these flowers to himself, raising them towards the grove of poplars where he is buried and which very quickly becomes a place of posthumous celebration. Moderately priced, accessible to all, the print itself embodies this growing popular Rousseauism.

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Bibliography

Monique and Bernard COTTRET, Jean-Jacques Rousseau in his time, Paris, Perrin, 2005, coll. “Tempus”, 2011.

Maurice DAUMAS, Images and societies in modern Europe, 15th-18th century, Paris, A. Colin, 2000.

· Exhibition catalog This is Rousseau's fault: Revolution, Romanticism, Republic: the image of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Chambéry, Musée Savoisien, December 1, 1989 - February 18, 1990, Geneva, Museum of Art and History, March 1-December 29, 1990, Chambéry-Geneva, Musée Savoisien-Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, 1989.

To cite this article

Myriam DENIEL TERNANT, "Jean-Jacques Rousseau"


Video: Jean Jacques Rousseau