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President Barack Obama recognizes Medal of Honor honorees, from left, Staff Sergeant Melvin Morris, Sergeant First Class Jose Rodela, and Specialist Four Santiago J. Erevia, during the Medal of Honor ceremony in the East Room of the White House, March 18, 2014
The global burden of low back pain: estimates from the Global Burden of Disease 2010 study
Objective: To estimate the global burden of low back pain (LBP).
Methods: LBP was defined as pain in the area on the posterior aspect of the body from the lower margin of the twelfth ribs to the lower glutaeal folds with or without pain referred into one or both lower limbs that lasts for at least one day. Systematic reviews were performed of the prevalence, incidence, remission, duration, and mortality risk of LBP. Four levels of severity were identified for LBP with and without leg pain, each with their own disability weights. The disability weights were applied to prevalence values to derive the overall disability of LBP expressed as years lived with disability (YLDs). As there is no mortality from LBP, YLDs are the same as disability-adjusted life years (DALYs).
Results: Out of all 291 conditions studied in the Global Burden of Disease 2010 Study, LBP ranked highest in terms of disability (YLDs), and sixth in terms of overall burden (DALYs). The global point prevalence of LBP was 9.4% (95% CI 9.0 to 9.8). DALYs increased from 58.2 million (M) (95% CI 39.9M to 78.1M) in 1990 to 83.0M (95% CI 56.6M to 111.9M) in 2010. Prevalence and burden increased with age.
Conclusions: LBP causes more global disability than any other condition. With the ageing population, there is an urgent need for further research to better understand LBP across different settings.
Keywords: Epidemiology Low Back Pain Outcomes Research.
The original schedule aimed to ship the release in early September 2013, but due to an increased focus on browser-related security issues that date was not achievable. The final schedule, proposed on 2013/4/18 and adopted on 2013/4/26, was as follows:
2012/04/26 M1 2012/06/14 M2 2012/08/02 M3 2012/09/13 M4 2012/11/29 M5 2013/01/31 M6 2013/06/13 M7 Feature Complete 2013/09/05 M8 Developer Preview 2014/01/23 M9 Final Release Candidate 2014/03/18 GA General Availability
Further information on milestone content and the final phases of the release can be found on the milestones page.
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Twitter, Inc. operates as a platform for public self-expression and conversation in real time United States, Japan, and internationally. The company offers Twitter, a platform that allows users to consume, create, distribute, and discover content. It also provides promoted products and services, such as promoted tweets, promoted accounts, and promoted trends, which enable its advertisers to promote their brands, products, and services. In addition, the company offers MoPub, a mobile-focused advertising exchange that combines ad serving, ad network mediation, and a real-time bidding exchange into one monetization platform Twitter Audience platform, an advertising offering that enables advertisers to extend advertising campaigns Developer and Enterprise solutions, a software-as-a-service platform that enables developers to build products on Twitter and paid enterprise access for its public data streams. Twitter, Inc. was founded in 2006 and is headquartered in San Francisco, California.
Celebrating World Book and Copyright Day
Through reading and the celebration of World Book and Copyright Day, we can open ourselves to others despite distance. We can travel thanks to imagination. From April 1st to 23rd, UNESCO is sharing quotes, poems and messages to symbolize the power of books and encourage reading as much as possible. By creating a sense of community through the shared readings and the shared knowledge, readers around the world can connect and mutually help curb loneliness.
In such circumstances, we invite students, teachers, and readers from around the world, as well as the whole book industry and library services, to testify and express their love for reading. We encourage you to share this positive message with others through #StayAtHome and #WorldBookDay.
The more people we can reach, the more people may be helped.
World Book Capital for 2021: Tbilisi, Georgia
Each year, UNESCO and the international organizations representing the three major sectors of the book industry - publishers, booksellers and libraries, select the World Book Capital for a one-year period, effective 23 April each year.
The Director-General of UNESCO, Audrey Azoulay, named Tbilisi (Georgia) World Book Capital for the year 2021, based on the recommendation of the World Book Capital Advisory Committee.
Around the slogan Ok. So your next book is…? the programme focuses on the use of modern technologies as powerful tools for the promotion of reading among young people.
The programme comprises several important, large-scale and sustainable activities involving libraries and a book festival for children, a state-of-the-art digital project for transforming books into games, and the rebuilding of the first Georgian publishing house.
Specifically designed for children, youngsters and readers who have limited access to books, the programme of activities will be driven by innovation. The city's principal objective is to popularize reading and increase accessibility to books throughout society.
The year of celebrations will start on 23 April 2021.
Cities designated as UNESCO World Book Capital undertake to promote books and reading and to organize activities over the year.
The miracle of the “Swallows” of Capistrano takes place each year at Mission San Juan Capistrano, on March 19th, St. Joseph’s Day. Swallows migrate 6,000 miles from Goya, Argentina to San Juan Capistrano in large groups. The town of San Juan Capistrano welcomes visitors from all parts of the world to witness the return of the swallows, a tradition that has been celebrated since the early 1930s.
The Legend of the Cliff Swallows of Capistrano
In his book, Capistrano Nights, Father St. John O’Sullivan, Pastor of Mission San Juan Capistrano (1910-1933) tells the story of how the swallowscame to call the Mission home.
One day, while walking through town, Father O’Sullivan saw a shopkeeper, broomstick in hand, knocking down the conically shaped mud swallow nests that were under the eaves of his shop. The birds were darting back and forth through the air squealingover the destruction of their homes.
“What in the world are you doing?” O’Sullivan asked.
“Why, these dirty birds are a nuisance and I am getting rid of them!” the shopkeeper responded.
“I don’t know and I don’t care,” he replied, slashing away with his pole. “But they’ve no business here, destroying my property.”
Father O’Sullivan then said, “Come on swallows, I’ll give you shelter. Come to the Mission. There’s room enough there for all.”
The very next morning, Father O’Sullivan discovered the swallows busy building their nests outsideFather Junípero Serra’s Church.
Join us for St. Joseph’s Day and Return of the Swallows Celebration annually on March 19th!
We are celebrating the Return of the Swallows. They are finally back nesting at Mission San Juan Capistrano! Learn about the efforts to lure the birds back.
Before urbanization, Mission San Juan Capistrano was the main and largest building in the community, which is why the swallows continued to return every March. The development of the community, and the stabilization of the Ruins of the Great Stone Church, where the swallows nests were removed by preservationists, created alternative locations for the swallows to build their nests apart from the Mission. As a result, the number of swallows returning to the Mission each year began to decline.
In 2010, in response to concerns about when the birds arrive and where they choose to nest, we sought the help of cliff swallows expert Dr. Charles R. Brown, a professor of biological sciences at the University of Tulsa, who has studied more than 200,000 cliff swallows over the years. Dr. Brown was invited to present a lecture during the St. Joseph’s Day & Return of the Swallows Celebration (his lecture has become an annual tradition). Shortly after, in collaboration with Dr. Brown and Executive staff at the Mission, we began an experiment on the Mission grounds in an effort to lure the birds back to nest.
Phase I: Vocalization Project
In 2012, Phase I: The Vocalization Project was launched, in which recorded courtship calls were played through a speaker on Mission grounds to lure the cliff swallows that were flying overhead. According to Dr. Brown, evidence suggests the vocalization playbacks bring in passing cliff swallows that fly over the site.
Visit the Swallows Reenactment Exhibit to learn how Mission San Juan Capistrano is working with Dr. Charles Brown to lure the swallows back to nest in abundance.
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Biographies: Helen Keller and Anne Sullivan
Sources in this Story
In 1888, Keller traveled to Boston to attend Perkins, where she learned Braille and studied many subjects. In 1890, she moved to the Horace Mann School for the Deaf in Boston, where her new tutor, Sarah Fuller, taught her to understand words by placing her hands on the speaker&rsquos face.
In 1890, she was accepted to Radcliffe College, where she graduated with honors. After her schooling was complete, Keller became a prolific writer and public speaker. She campaigned for the rights of the disabled, and also took strong and often controversial stances on political and social issues. She supported the women&rsquos suffrage movement, spoke out against U.S. involvement in World War I, and was a devoted socialist.
When she died in 1968, Helen left an inspirational legacy for blind and deaf individuals. Many organizations, including the American Foundation for the Blind, honor her today.
Anne Sullivan, born in 1866 in Massachusetts, suffered from the eye disease trachoma, which left her nearly blind as a child. Her parents were poor Irish immigrants her mother died when she was young and her father, an alcoholic, abandoned her and her brother, leaving them in a poorhouse.
In 1880, she convinced an inspector at the poorhouse to allow her to enroll at the Perkins School, where she was taught to read and write. She became close with Laura Bridgman, who taught her the manual alphabet. She received surgery to correct her vision and went on to graduate as the class valedictorian in 1886, after which she became a tutor at the school.
Sullivan remained close friends with Keller for her entire life. The two lived together for many years along with Sullivan&rsquos husband, John Macy. Sullivan accompanied Keller to many of her speeches and other public appearances.
Her health and her eyesight deteriorated in her old age, and she went completely blind in 1935. A year later, at age 70, she died of a heart ailment as Keller stood by her bedside.
March 18, 2014 Day 58 of the Sixth Year - History
Daylight Saving is a way to make better use of the daylight. The idea is to advance the clock by one hour so that there is more sunlight in the evening and less in the morning. Daylight Saving Time is often abbreviated DST.
When is Daylight Saving Day?
There are two days where the clock is moved for Daylight Saving Time. One in the Spring to move the clocks forward and one in the Fall to move the clocks back.
In the United States Daylight Saving in the spring occurs on the second Sunday in March. In the fall it occurs on the first Sunday in November.
- Spring (move the clock forward 1 hour at 2:00 AM)
- March 11, 2012
- March 10, 2013
- March 9, 2014
- March 8, 2015
- March 13, 2016
- March 12, 2017
- March 11, 2018
- Fall (move the clock backwards by 1 hour at 2:00 AM)
- November 4, 2012
- November 3, 2013
- November 2, 2014
- November 1, 2015
- November 6, 2016
- November 5, 2017
- November 4, 2018
Who observes this day?
Many countries around the world observe Daylight Saving Time. The dates they adjust the clocks may vary depending on the country. Most countries in Europe observe Daylight Saving Time.
The United States observes Daylight Saving Time except for Arizona, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and American Somoa.
The main thing people do is to move the clock back one hour in the Fall (fall back) and forward one hour in the Spring (spring forward). The official time to do this is at 2:00 AM in the morning. Most people just change their clocks the night before or the next morning. Many computerized clocks will automatically make the changes for you.
History of Daylight Saving Day
Benjamin Franklin first suggested the idea of Daylight Saving Time. He got the idea while visiting France where people would get up earlier and go to bed earlier in order to save on candles. However, it was in 1895 when the first modern day version of DST was proposed by George Hudson in New Zealand. It was later proposed in England by William Willet. In both cases the idea was dismissed by the government.
In World War I, the first country to implement Daylight Saving Time was Germany. They implemented it to save on coal. Soon many other European countries followed. The United States adopted DST in 1918.
In 2007 the United States extended daylight saving time. This moved the start date three to four weeks earlier from the first Sunday in April to the second Sunday in March. It also moved the end date back one week from the last Sunday in October to the first Sunday in November.
Once she grew older, Baby Jessica could not remember anything about her three days trapped in a well in her aunt&aposs backyard or her lengthy recovery. She did not even learn her own story until she was five years old and saw an episode of Rescue 911, recounting the story of a baby girl&aposs rescue from a well three years earlier. Moved to tears by the story, she asked her stepmother (her parents had since divorced) what the girl&aposs name was and learned it was her.
Ever since those dramatic three days in 1987, Morales has lived an extraordinarily ordinary life. She graduated from Greenwood High School outside Midland in 2004, and in 2006 she married a man named Daniel Morales. She has two children, Simon and Sheyenne, and stays home to care for them. On March 26, 2011, her 25th birthday, Morales gained access to her trust fund, worth approximately $800,000, which she plans to save for her children&aposs college education.
Morales does not often speak about her rescue, and in a recent interview she insisted it has had very little impact on her life. "Couldn&apost cage me then, why should it cage me now?" she asked rhetorically. And while people who recognize her by the scar on the forehead still call her "Baby Jessica," Morales says the name does not bother her. "Like they told Lil&apos Bow Wow, you&aposll never get rid of the &aposlittle&apos part," she said. "Cause you&aposll always be what you are remembered as."
Love and Compatibility for April 18 Zodiac
Lovers born on April 18 are both sentimental and passionate. They have no patience for courtship so they step this stage and go directly to professing their deep passions. They can be easily swept off their feet by eccentric and mysterious persons. Magic ends only if their partner can't keep up with their incredibly active pace. Aries is also falling for simplicity and real enthusiasm. When they are single they focus on their ideas and plans and seem to be even more productive.
Usually a joyful character, they sometimes find it hard to express their emotions and this can make them appear quite difficult and hard to understand. They need time to develop a real connection. For them, relationships and settling will probably be a complex matter but once they decide to have their own family they will turn out to be very protective and patient. They are most compatible with those born on 3th, 5th, 6th, 12th, 14th, 15th, 21th, 23th, 24th and 31st.
April 18 Zodiac people are very compatible with the other two fire signs: Leo and Sagittarius as they tend to share the same vision of life. In love, Aries is in a constant search for a deep and understanding relationship where they can open their hearts and express their feelings freely. The one to offer this to them is the affectionate and loyal Libra. Aries is thought to be least compatible with those born under the Pisces zodiac sign. As for the rest of compatibilities between the other star signs and Aries, you know what they say, stars predispose but people dispose.